Jehu - A
driver, taken from the name of a Biblical character who drove
fast and furiously.
Johnnycake - A type of cornbread
often provided to travelers at stage stops.
Leaders - The two front animals of the team.
These would be the smallest, smartest and most alert of the team.
Lines - Reins.
Near - Referred to the horses or mules on the
left side of the team, furthest from the driver.
Referred to the horses or mules on the right side of the team, nearest
Overland - Across land rather than
Postrider - A person who carried
the post, or mail, on horseback.
Relay - A team of horses or mules
kept in readiness at a way station to relieve the team of an
Reaches - Bars that
connected the rear axles with forward part of the coach.
Reinsman - A stagecoach
Ribbons - Reins.
Rig - Harness.
Road Agent - A stagecoach robber.
Run - The distance between stage
Shotgun - A stagecoach
guard. Also referred to as a "Shotgun Messenger."
Singletree - A horizontal
crossbar, to the ends of which the traces of a harness are attached.
Stagehorn - A horn or bugle blown
by the conductor as the stage neared the station
Stageline - A stagecoach company.
Stagers - The men who ran
or owned the stage business.
Staging - The business of carrying
people and mail by stagecoach.
Station - The place at which a stagecoach stopped.
Station Keeper - The person in
charge of the station stop.
Superintendent - The person in charge of 250 miles of road on
the Overland Route, also called Division Agent.
Swing Station - A small stage
station where the team was changed. Usually consisting of little more
than a small cabin and barn or corral, it usually manned by just a few
stock-tenders. Stages stopped at Swing Stations for about ten minutes
before moving on.
Swingers - If a teeam had six animals, the two
in the middle were called swingers and were
easily controlled by the other two pairs as they did their work
leading or stabilizing.
Team - The horses or mules pulling the stagecoach, usually consisting of four to six animals.
Thorough Brace - A leather
strap of many layers that supported the body of the
Traces - The side straps by which
a horse pulls the stagecoach.
Transcontinental - Across the
Turnpike - A main road on
which travelers paid a toll or fee
Way Station - Same as a station.