We welcome corrections
CD's - DVD's
Legends' Photo Prints
Ghost Town Prints
Old West Prints
Route 66 Prints
States, Cities &
Photo Art Prints
David Fisk (Lens of
Treasures - Page 2
1 2 3
Mexican Gold in Little Cypress Creek
became a republic in 1836, after a long and bloody fight with Mexico,
their independence was never recognized by the government of Mexico. In
fact, it wouldn’t be until
was annexed by the United States in 1845, and the
Mexican-American War of
1846-48, that the Mexicans would finally
accept defeat. During the nine years between the revolution and annexation, the Republic of
teetered between collapse and continued threats of Mexican invasion.
One such tactic utilized by the Mexican
government was to incite the
Americans to war
with the republic. The Mexicans focused their efforts on the
had been migrating to
as early as 1807 and with the United States
removal policy of 1830, their numbers increased dramatically.
William Huddle’s 1886 depiction of the end of
Revolution shows Mexican General Santa Anna
surrendering to the wounded
Battle of San Jacinto in 1836.
The Mexicans welcomed the
seeing their presence as a buffer against emigrating Americans, and
began negotiations to make permanent land grants to them in the early
1820s. Though no land grants were ever made by the Mexican government,
their promises lingered and appeared to have more potential for
permanency than did the flood of encroaching white settlers, who
promised them nothing.
When the Anglo-Texans began to protest
Mexican rule in 1832 and the
Revolution erupted in 1835, the
who had still not obtained title to their lands from Mexico,
declared themselves neutral. However, many of them remained loyal
to Mexican rule.
won its war with Mexico,
Sam Houston promised to establish a
reservation for the
and began treaty negotiations. Though the agreement substantially
agreed, believing it finally gave them a permanent home. Though
the treaty was signed in 1836, it was never ratified by the
In the meantime, the Mexican government
saw the East
as prime targets for revolt and focused their persuasion efforts on
militant factions of the tribe that remained pro-Mexican. Promising
them both land and money, they soon began to incite some of the
renegade factions of the
to drive the white settlers from the country. In 1838, a number of
made on settlers in East
which were blamed on a combined
This muddied the waters for the pending
treaty and greatly complicated Texan-Cherokee
Sam Houston attempted to preserve the peace before
leaving office by establishing a boundary line separating the
territory, this only angered the Anglo-Texans who were clamoring for
land and saw the
as allies of their enemies, the Mexicans.
successor, Mirabeau B. Lamar, inaugurated in 1839, quickly announced a
policy of favoring total removal of "Sam Houston's pet
and sent the
Army to drive the
out by force. However,
Chief Duwali blocked the advance of the Texans. To this, Lamar notified
Duwali that his people
would be moved beyond the Red River, "peaceably if they would; forcibly if
they must." The
decided to fight, resulting in what became known as the Cherokee War.
July 15 and 16, 1839, a
force of several hundred warriors led by Duwali met
forces in the Battle of the Neches near the site of present Tyler,
Texas. More than 100
including Chiefs Duwali and Bowles, were killed, and the remaining
were driven across the Red River into
Chief Bowles, an aged
leader, carried a sword given him by
retreated, they were accompanied by the Mexicans, who still carried most
of the money that had been promised to the
in return for driving out the white settlers.
retreat carried them through present day
Upshur County, where many of them scattered into the swamps and underbrush
along what is now known as Little Cypress Creek, north of the present city
of Gilmer. In the meantime, the Mexicans, fearing for their lives, were
eager to off-load the heavy gold and silver coins they carried, which made
the a quick escape impossible. According to the legend, the Mexicans hid
their cache in a deep spot in Little Cypress Creek.
In no time, word of the hidden
spread, bringing dozens of people trying to find the hidden cache. One
such story tells of two Irishmen, who, searching during the summer dry
season, found two enclosed vessels at different locations in the Creek,
but failed to locate the silver or gold.
Many believe that the
continues to lay beneath the mud of Little Cypress Creek in Upshur County.
As to the
the Battle of the Neches ended the
troubles in east
as the vast majority of the tribe had moved into
Territory. A few renegades continued to live a fugitive existence in
and even continued to fight against the Texans, but they had little
success. Others, took up permanent residence in Mexico.
When Houston was elected to a second
presidential term in 1841, he inaugurated an
policy calculated to forestall future hostilities with immigrant tribes.
As a result of his peace policy, treaties were concluded with the
in 1843 and 1844.
of America, updated August, 2011.
Tales Next Page
1 2 3
From Legends' Photo Shop
History and Patriotic Photographs -
From our personal collection of vast historical photographs, hundreds
of prints are available that provide
dramatic glimpses into
20th Century, the collection includes
the National Banner, patriots, and scenes of those historic times. Here,
you'll find inspirational restored vintage photographs, posters, and
paintings that depict the history that led to this great nation.