Legends of America

Follow the links to the various pages of Legends of America

The Old West Legends of America Outhouse Madness Ghostly Legends Outlaws Old West Saloons Rocky Mountain General Store Legends Photo Store The Book Store Make your travel reservations here! Route 66 Native Americans The Old States - Back East

Legends of America    |    Legends General Store    |    Legends Photo Shop

 

Legends Of America's Facebook PageLegends Of America's Twitter PageLegends on Pinterest

Legends Home

Site Map

What's New!!

 

Content Categories:

American History

Destinations-States

Ghost Stories

Ghost Towns

Historic People

Legends & Myths

Native Americans

Old West

Photo Galleries

Route 66

Travel Center

Treasure Tales

 

   Search Our Sites

Custom Search

Google

 

About Us

Advertising

Article/Photo Use

Copyright Information

Blog

Facebook Page

Guestbook

Links

Newsletter

Privacy Policy

Site Map

Writing Credits

 

We welcome corrections

and feedback!

Contact Us

 

Legends' General Store


Old West/Western

Route 66

Native American

Featured Items

Sale Items

Books/Magazines

CD's - DVD's

Nuwati Herbals

Personalized-Engraved
Postcards

Wall Art

Custom Products

and Much More!

 

  Legends Of America's Rocky Mountain General Store - Cart View

 

Legends' Photo Prints

Legends Photo Prints and Downloads
 

Ghost Town Prints

Native American Prints

Old West Prints

Route 66 Prints

States, Cities & Places

Nostalgic Prints

Photo Art Prints

Jim Hinckley's America

David Fisk (Lens of Fisk)

Specials-Gift Ideas

and Much More!!
 

Legends Of America's Photo Print Shop - Cart View

 

Family Friendly Site

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pennsylvania FlagPENNSYLVANIA LEGENDS

Fort Necessity - Defending Against the French

Bookmark and Share

Fort Necessity, PennsylvaniaFort Necessity (1754) - In the spring of 1754, the French and Indian War, also called the Seven Years War, was imminent. The cause of the conflict was the desire of the British and French colonies to expand into land each empire claimed. Once war had broken out between the two powers, the American Indian tribes had to decide whom to back. Throughout the conflict, varying tribes allied themselves with the French or the British, in order to better suit their individual goals.

 

During the mid-1700s, British colonies along the Atlantic coast began to move westward onto the land the French claimed in the interior. With support from the mother country, the British colonies fought to establish their dominance in North America. The common experience of fighting together helped encourage the colonies to band together later in the 1770s and start their own country, the United States of America.

 

Hoping to defend against an imminent attack by French soldiers, a young, newly commissioned British lieutenant colonel, George Washington built a 'fort of necessity' in late May and early June, 1754. Not a typical military fort, it was small and simple, even for a wilderness fort. Consisting of a small storage shed in the center of a round stockade, about 53 feet in diameter, it was located in a natural meadow. Earthworks were constructed outside the stockade.

 

When Washington arrived at the Great Meadows, he intended to set up a camp from which to base his operations while waiting for additional militia and British regulars. However, after encountering and dispatching the French party led by Joseph Coulon de Jumonville, Washington returned to the Great Meadows and fortified his position by building the small fort which was completed on June 4. At that time, he had with him, about 160 men but by mid June that grew to around 400.

 

By late June, the French, seeking revenge, returned in great numbers, along with their Indian allies, to attack Washington at the Great Meadows. The July 3rd battle produced heavy losses for the British forces ending with Washington’s surrender to the French, under Louis Coulon de Villiers. In signing the surrender document, Washington agreed to having assassinated Coulon de Jumonville, though Washington said that his English translation of the documents did not use this term. Following the surrender, the British returned to Virginia and the French burned Fort Necessity.

 

Washington engaged with the French along the Ohio River again when he returned the next year under General Edward Braddock's command. Braddock’s forces were part of a larger British plan to attack multiple French forts throughout North America simultaneously. Braddock's troops tried to move quickly through the mountains to attack Fort Duquesne using the road Washington had built earlier; but, the roadbed was too narrow for the heavy armament and the roughly 2,400 men. To increase his speed, Braddock made the fatal mistake of splitting up his troops.

 

As Braddock and the first of his troops approached Fort Duquesne, the French and allied Indians attacked. Braddock and more than half of the 1,200 British men with him died. The remaining soldiers retreated and British troops buried the general near Fort Necessity, concealing the grave within the roadbed by marching over it to prevent desecration of the general's body. Braddock’s final resting place lay hidden until 1804, when workmen discovered a body reported to be the general’s. A monument constructed in 1913 marks the site over the re-interred bones of General Braddock.

 

 

 

The confrontation at Fort Necessity in the summer of 1754 was the prelude to the war fought by England and France for control of the North American continent. The struggle, known in United States as the French and Indian War, spread around the world as the Seven Years' War. It ended in 1763 with the removal of French power from North America and India. The action at Fort Necessity was also the first major event in the military career of George Washington. It was the only time he ever surrendered to an enemy.

 

Today, the Fort Necessity National Battlefield in Farmington, Pennsylvania, preserves the site of the Battle of Fort Necessity. Visitors can go inside a reconstructed version of the fort and see remnants of the original earthworks that Washington’s men built in preparation for the battle. A visitor center provides information about the battles and associated sites with an orientation film and guided tours. During the summer months, there are historic weapon demonstrations and a variety of other interpretive programs.

 

The site of the Battle of Jumonville Glen is situated approximately seven miles from the visitor center and the grave of General Braddock is located one mile west of the visitor center off US Route 40. Visitors can also walk the actual roadbed built for Washington and Braddock in their campaigns against the French.

 

The site also includes the Mount Washington Tavern, once one of the many inns along the National Road. The tavern, which served wealthier men and women along the National Road, was named for George Washington, who once owned the land on which the tavern sits. It was built in the 1830s and operated until 1855 when rail transportation replaced much of the wagon traffic along the Road.

 

More Information:


Fort Necessity National Battlefield

One Washington Parkway

Farmington, Pennsylvania 15437

724-329-5512
 

George Washington in the French and Indian War

George Washington in the French and Indian War by Junius Brutus Stearns in 1854.

This image available for prints and downloads HERE.

 

French and Indian War, Felix Carr, circa 1870

French and Indian War, Felix Carr, drawing circa 1870. Available for prints HERE.

 

 

Also See:

George Washington - Father of our Country

French and Indian War

Fort Duquesne

National Road- First Highway in America

Pennsylvania (main page)

 

American History and Patriotic Photographs - From our personal collection of vast historical photographs, hundreds of  prints are available that provide dramatic glimpses into American History. From the American Revolution to the 20th Century, the collection includes the National Banner, patriots, and scenes of those historic times. Here, you'll find inspirational restored vintage photographs, posters, and paintings that depict the history that led to this great American nation. Be sure to check back often as this varied collection grows daily.

 

  American History and Patriotic Photographs             

 

                                                            Copyright © 2003-Present, www.Legends of America.com