Known among the Mimbreno
Apache as Kas-tziden, War Leader,
Nana was born in 1800. He grew up to marry
Geronimo's sister and fought
Mangas Coloradas until Mangas was killed in 1863.
Apache Indian Wars he raided areas of
Texas and Mexico with
Though Nana had been with
when he was killed in the fall of 1880 at Tres Castillos,
Mexico, he and several others were scouting for supplies and ammunition at
the time, evading the ambush. After coming upon the dead warriors, Nana
and his followers fled for the Sierra Madre Mountains of Mexico and soon
devised a revenge campaign.
Though lame in the left foot, suffering
from rheumatism, and his eyesight failing, Nana was obviously
still strong and in January, 1881, he and his men crossed the
border back into the United States. Though his group never numbered more than
40 warriors, and was often as few as 15, they sought their
revenge by raiding Army supply trains and isolated settlers.
During those first few months, the
band raided numerous small camps in southern
New Mexico, killing
two miners near
Chloride and wounding another; killing four
men on the Silver City-Mesilla Road, and in June, raiding and
burning a ranch property near Lake Valley in 1881.
Soon, a combined posse of civilians and
Buffalo Soldiers pursued them into a canyon about ten miles
west of Lake Valley.
Unfortunately, for the posse, Nana and his warriors ambushed
them immediately killing their leaders and wounding a number
of others. A full-out gun battle followed that lasted six
hours in which at least four more soldiers were killed. Others
who were wounded would later die as well.
later, he and his band traveled to
Arizona, where they were
involved in the Battle of Cibecue on August 30, 1881.
The U.S. Cavalry never caught Nana and his
men, but fought them in at least seven engagements. Finally,
when the band once more fled to Mexico, the U.S. Army gave up
for a time, hoping the Mexicans would take care of the
problem, as they had done with