Among the most dreaded figures in the lore of the Plains Indians were child-sized dwarves that were incredibly strong, very aggressive, bloodthirsty, and often attacked in large numbers.
“Teihiihan” comes from the Arapaho word meaning “strong.” The Arapaho also called them Hecesiiteihii, meaning “little people.”
These small fearsome warriors were said to be so aggressive because they believed they had to be killed in battle to reach the afterlife.
These small creatures dwell in the vast area of the Great Plains, between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains and are known in the legends of the Cheyenne, Crow, Arapaho, Omaha, Osage, Kanza, Shoshone, Comanche, Ponca, and Gros Ventre.
Descriptions of these mini-monsters vary from tribe to tribe. Among some Siouan tribes, including the Osage, Omaha, and Kanza, they are said to sometimes have wings, and the Omaha further say that they have only one eye. The Crow see them with pot bellies and no necks.
Among the Omaha and Ponka, they were called Gada’zhe, meaning Wild People, who hunted with bows and poisoned arrows and were said to have been able to produce wounds under the skin without breaking the flesh.
Among most of the Plains Indians, these tiny warriors are described to be about 2-4 feet tall, are dark-skinned, have squat necks, sharp teeth, and can run very vast far outpacing their human counterparts. They are almost always hostile to human beings and are gluttonous, killing more people than they can possibly eat.
The Wild People have magical powers and can be dangerous, sometimes kidnapping children or using witchcraft to harm people. Some legends say that they have the power to turn themselves invisible.
According to most versions of the story, the race of cannibal dwarves was destroyed in an ancient war by the Arapaho and their allied tribes.
These dwarves are called by a multitude of names, including:
- Gada’zhe by the Omaha and Ponca
- Mi’-a-gthu-shka by the Osage
- Nimerigar by the Shoshone
- Nirumbee by the Crow
- Nunnupi by the Comanche
- Vo’estanehesano by the Cheyenne
©Kathy Weiser-Alexander, November 2018.