Legends of America

Follow the links to the various pages of Legends of America

The Old West Legends of America Outhouse Madness Ghostly Legends Outlaws Old West Saloons Rocky Mountain General Store Legends Photo Store The Book Store Make your travel reservations here! Route 66 Native Americans The Old States - Back East

Legends of America    |    Legends General Store    |    Legends Photo Shop

 

Legends Of America's Facebook PageLegends Of America's Twitter PageLegends on Pinterest

Legends Home

Site Map

What's New!!

 

Content Categories:

American History

Destinations-States

Ghost Stories

Ghost Towns

Historic People

Legends & Myths

Native Americans

Old West

Photo Galleries

Route 66

Travel Center

Treasure Tales

 

   Search Our Sites

Custom Search

Google

 

About Us

Advertising

Article/Photo Use

Copyright Information

Blog

Facebook Page

Guestbook

Links

Newsletter

Privacy Policy

Site Map

Writing Credits

 

We welcome corrections

and feedback!

Contact Us

 

Legends' General Store


Old West/Western

Route 66

Native American

Featured Items

Sale Items

Books/Magazines

CD's - DVD's

Nuwati Herbals

Personalized-Engraved
Postcards

Wall Art

Custom Products

and Much More!

 

  Legends Of America's Rocky Mountain General Store - Cart View

 

Legends' Photo Prints

Legends Photo Prints and Downloads
 

Ghost Town Prints

Native American Prints

Old West Prints

Route 66 Prints

States, Cities & Places

Nostalgic Prints

Photo Art Prints

Jim Hinckley's America

David Fisk (Lens of Fisk)

Specials-Gift Ideas

and Much More!!
 

Legends Of America's Photo Print Shop - Cart View

 

Family Friendly Site

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Native American LegendsNATIVE AMERICAN LEGENDS

The Tiwa Tribe - Fighting the Spanish

Bookmark and Share

The Tiwa Indians, also known as Tigua, are a group of Tanoan Pueblo tribes which live in three geographic regions, including Taos and Picuris in northeast New Mexico, Sandia and Isleta near Albuquerque, New Mexico, and at Isleta del Sur, near El Paso, Texas. Traditionally, they spoke one of three Tiwa languages, though over the years, they began to switch to Spanish or English.

 

They were first mentioned by Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, in reference to a community that he referred to as both Tigua and Tiguex, when he encountered them during his expedition in 1540 into what is now New Mexico. Receiving a friendly reception, Coronado found them growing corn, beans and various melons, as well as hunting local game, and making robes of skins, feathers and cotton.

 

However, when Coronado and his men decided to winter at Tiguex, they demanded that the Indians provide some 300 pieces of cloth to clothe the army, even resorting to stripping the cloaks and blankets from the Indians' backs. The Tiwa retaliated by running off and killing their herd of horses.

 

Tiwa Woman at isleta Peublo, New Mexico, 1910

Tiwa woman at the Isleta Pueblo, New Mexico,  Detroit Publishing Company, 1910. This image available for photographic prints  and downloads HERE!

 

 

 

Coronado's March by Frederic Remington, 1897The Spanish then attacked, in what is now known as the Tiguex War, the first battle between Europeans and Native Americans in the American West. During the winter of 1540-41, 12 pueblos of Tiwa Indians along both sides of the Rio Grande River, north and south of present-day Bernalillo, New Mexico, battled with the Spanish. Finally, the Indians surrendered and though they were "pardoned, the Spaniards proceeded to burn at the stake 200 of the captives, of whom about half were shot down in an attempt to escape the torture. The war and the many diseases that the Spanish brought, later resulted in the abandonment of many of the villages.

Afterwards, Europeans were no longer welcomed at the pueblos and often were attacked. This; however, did not stop the Spanish missionaries and many new inhabitants who would come later. In 1629, it was estimated that the Tiwa were living in eight pueblos with about 6,000 inhabitants. Though many of the original Tiwa communities were situated in the midst of inhospitable desert, it was bountiful with game and water.

 However, in addition to the Spanish encroachers, they were also were forced to contend with the fierce Apache Indians, who were constantly raiding them. This resulted in the later abandonment of two pueblos including Chilili in the early 1670s, Quaraie about 1674, and Tajique the following year.

By the time of the Pueblo Revolt, in which the Indians rebelled against Spanish authority in 1680, the Tiwa were living primarily at the pueblos of Puaray, Sandia, Alameda, Isleta, Taos, and Pecuris. When Isleta was stormed, about 500 of the Indians were taken captive, marched to El Paso, Texas and soon settled at the new Pueblo of Isleta del Sur. Of the remaining Isleta and Sandia peoples, they fled to Tusayan, Arizona where they lived with the Hopi Indians before returning to New Mexico in the early 1700s. Portions of the other Tiwa pueblos were burned, but the Indians rebuilt all but Alameda and Puaray.

 

Taos Pueblo, 1936

Taos Pueblo and the Pueblo River in  Northeast New Mexico in 1936. This image available for photographic prints  and downloads HERE!

 

Today, the Tiwa still live at the Isleta, Picuris, Sandia, and the Taos pueblos in New Mexico, as at the Pueblo of Isleta del Sur in El Paso, Texas.

 

Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated July, 2012.

Also See:

 

Isletta Pueblo - Home of the Tiwa Tribe

The Mountain Song of Taos or, The Taos Hum

Taos Pueblo - 1,000 Years of History

 

 

 

Taos Pueblo

Little has changed at the Taos Pueblo in the last century, September, 2008, Kathy Weiser. This image available for photographic prints  and downloads HERE!

 

Legends Exclusive Custom Products - Legends of America and Legends' General Store now provide a number of exclusive products that you won't find anywhere else! At our Exclusive Custom Products Store, you'll find lots of crazy bumper stickers; Old West prints, postcards, t-shirts and more; and our line of exclusive Route 66 products provides images on a number of items that you've never seen before! Click HERE to see the entire line.

 

Old West and cowboy products Old West custom products Route 66 Custom Products Old west prints, cards and calendars
 

                                                            Copyright 2003-Present, www.Legends of America.com