Fort Dade in Pasco County, Florida

Arrival of the South Carolina Dragoons at the Withlacooche River by Gray & James, 1837

The arrival of the South Carolina Dragoons at the Withlacoochee River by Gray & James, 1837

Fort Dade was a U.S. Army post established in December 1837 during the Second Seminole War in present-day Pasco County, Florida.

It began with General Thomas Jesup issuing Order No. 26 on December 23, 1836, which read in part:

“A fort will be erected… on the big Withlacoochee, at the point where the Fort King Road crosses it, which will bear the name of the gallant and lamented Dade.”

The order was issued exactly one year after Major Francis F. Dade and his men of the 4th U.S. Infantry departed from the safety of Fort Brooke, never to return.

Fort Dade, Florida Historical Marker

Fort Dade, Florida Historical Marker

By Christmas Day, 1836, the 4th U.S. Infantry, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel William S. Foster, was busy building Fort Dade on the south bank of the Withlacoochee River at the crossing of Fort King Road. It was named for Major Dade, also of the 4th U.S. Infantry, who died in December 1835 in the Dade Massacre. Also killed was his entire command of 107 troops, except for three soldiers.

Supplies were sent up from Fort Brooke, and the fort began taking form after two weeks. The fort included blockhouses, barracks, storerooms, and a hospital when complete.

The fort sat amid Seminole Indian settlement, and it was here that Seminole leaders met with military leaders for peace talks. In March 1837, Seminole Chiefs Jumper and Alligator met with General Thomas S. Jesup to sign the “Fort Dade Capitulation,” which would shift the focus of the war. The fort continued to serve for many more years as a depot and observation post.

When the war finally ended in May 1842, Ford Dade became less significant and was used for shorter and shorter periods until it was abandoned in 1849.

Nothing is left of the fort today, but the site is indicated by a historical marker located on the East Side of U.S. Highway 301, seven miles north of Dade City, Florida.

© Kathy Alexander/Legends of America, updated November 2022.

Also See:

Florida Forts

Forts Across America

Forts Photo Gallery

Seminole Wars