What’s New

Here’s more on the latest additions to our website:

The Goingsnake Massacre or the Cherokee Courtroom Shootout – A feud between two men led to a confrontation and a trial where a shoot-out occurred leaving seven lawmen dead and several others injured.

Nez Perce War – The Nez Perce War was an armed conflict between several bands of the Nez Perce tribe and an allied band of Palouse against the United States Army.

Fort Lapwai, Idaho – Fort Lapwai was a federal fort established in north-central Idaho in 1862 in what is now the present-day city of Lapwai.

Nez Perce National Historic Trail, Idaho by the Bureau of Land Management

Nez Perce National Historic Trail – The Nez Perce National Historic Trail follows the route taken by a large band of the Nez Perce Indian tribe in 1877 when they attempted to flee.

Typhoid Mary Mallon – Typhoid Mary, was an Irish cook who was the first person in the United States identified as an asymptomatic carrier of typhoid fever.

Pre-Columbia Map North America

Native American Archaeological Periods – North American archaeology divides the history of pre-Columbian North America into several periods

Clovis Culture of Native Americans – The Clovis culture is a prehistoric Paleoindian Period culture, named for distinct stone tools found near Clovis, New Mexico in the 1920s and 1930s.

Cree Indian Man by G.e. Fleming, 1903.

Cree Tribe of North America – One of the largest native groups in North America, the Cree tribe, originally from Canada migrated south into the upper plains of the United States.

January 2020 Newsletter – Catch ‘Em Alive Jack, The First Native Physician, Go West on the Oregon Trail, Texas Road Trip, What’s New & More! In this month’s Newsletter.

Peaceful Retreat – Keep Your Kids Happy During Vacation – Most kids, especially young ones, don’t relish being cooped up in an airplane cabin or a car for hours on end. Here are some tips to help from Daniel Sherwin at DadSolo.

Fannie Echols – First Woman Sentenced to Hang at Fort Smith – Fannie Echols was the first woman convicted of a capital crime in the Federal Court for the Western District of Arkansas.

James B. Hume

James B. Hume – California Lawman & Detective – James B. Hume was miner, trader, and lawman in California after the Gold Rush began, but left his mark on history as a Wells Fargo detective who captured stagecoach robbers such as Black Bart.

Neil Howie – Lawman and Vigilante – Neil Howie was a territorial lawman in Montana who often worked with Montana Vigilantes to rid the territory of outlaws.

John B. Armstrong, 1878

John Barclay Armstrong – Texas Lawman – John B. Armstrong, III was a soldier, rancher, Texas Ranger, and U.S. Deputy Marshal who established the Armstrong Ranch still in operation today.

Peter Anderson – Killed in the Line of Duty – A full-blooded Potawatomi Indian, Peter Anderson was deputized for an Oklahoma County, Oklahoma posse to assist officers in apprehending a cattle rustler.

John R. Abernathy – Wolf Catcher & Lawman – John “Jack” R. Abernathy, also known as the Wolf Catcher and Catch ‘Em Alive Jack, was the youngest and last U.S. Deputy Marshal in Oklahoma Territory, serving from 1906 to 1910.

Train Robbery

Train Robberies of America – After the Civil War, train robberies began in earnest and lasted up until the 1930s.

Mexican Treasure on the Blue River, Oklahoma – A strongbox filled with gold coins is said to be buried along the Blue River north of Durant, Oklahoma.

Fort Sill, Oklahoma Lost Payroll – In June 1892, a payroll stagecoach was making its way from Wichita Falls, Texas to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, carrying nearly $100,000 in gold and silver coins. Is it still on fort grounds?

Hunnewell, Kansas Depot

Hunnewell, Kansas – Cow Town to Ghost Town – In the 1880s, Hunnewell, Kansas flourished as a busy shipping point for Texas cattle and like other Kansas Cowtowns, had a bawdy reputation for a time.

Bridgeport, Oklahoma  -Fording the Canadian River – Bridgeport, Oklahoma, a ghost town in northeastern Caddo County, was once a busy city located on Route 66.

Calumet, Oklahoma  – An Old Stretch of Route 66 – Heading west from El Reno, Oklahoma on Route 66, this earliest alignment (1926-1934) of the Mother Road travels through a number of small towns that show the obvious suffering that results from superhighways bypassing small towns.

Geary, Oklahoma –  Bypassed by Route 66 – Geary, Oklahoma is a small town located about 50 miles northwest of Oklahoma City, in Blaine County at the junction of U.S. Highways 270 and 281.

Hydro, Oklahoma  – Home of Lucille’s – Hydro, Oklahoma, located in Caddo and Blaine Counties in the eastern part of the state, is a small town on Route 66.

December Newsletter – Happy Birthday Kit, Mushroom towns of the West, The Valentine Diner and more in this month’s Newsletter.

Chelsea, Oklahoma – Chelsea, Oklahoma,  is a small town of about 1,950 that primarily relies on farming, ranching, and oil production, and was the site of the first oil well in Indian Territory.

White Oak, Oklahoma – White Oak, Oklahoma is a very tiny town located on Route 66 southwest of Vinita.

Off the Grid – Our Friend Albert – Albert Hall, a former educator, lawman, and veteran lives in the mountains of Montana, off the grid, with a lifestyle that’s not for everyone.

November Newsletter – Pueblo Painter, historic photographers, the Tabor Triangle, Thanksgiving in America and more in this months newsletter

Saloon Art and Decor – Much like today’s bars, saloon walls were often filled with vendor posters and products, such as whiskey, beer, wine, cigars, and tobacco. Also, commonly seen were posters for area productions, such as theater, musicians, Wild West Shows, circuses, and especially Burlesque.

Russell Lee, Depression Era Photographer

Russell Lee – Historic Photographer – Russell Lee was a photographer and photojournalist who became a member of the team of the federally sponsored Farm Security Administration.

Walker Evans – Great Depression Photographer – Walker Evans was a photographer who is best known for his work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) documenting the effects of the Great Depression.

John C. H. Grabill – Photographing the West – John C. H. Grabill was an American photographer who is well known for his photographs taken in South Dakota and Wyoming in the late 19th century.

Awa Tsireh, Pueblo Indian Artist

Awa Tsireh – Pueblo Painter – Awa Tsireh, also known as Alfonso Roybal, was one of the first Pueblo painters to receive recognition by the Santa Fe, New Mexico art community.

October Newsletter – History of Halloween, a Salute to Veterans, Native American Heritage Month and more in this month’s Legends’ Newsletter.

Bring Civil War History to Life at These Iconic War Sites – Take a Civil War road trip through the south to some of these iconic war sites. (article submitted by Traci Magnus, Dunes Properties)

Fort Hays-Fort Dodge Marker in Alexander, Kansas.

Fort Hays-Fort Dodge Trail, Kansas – The Fort Hays-fort Dodge Trail, established in 1867, was first used by the military, followed by civilian traffic. It continued to be used regularly until the Santa Fe Railroad reached Dodge City in 1872.

The Ghost of White Woman Creek, Kansas – Winding through western Kansas, White Woman Creek starts in Colorado and disappears into White Woman Basin. It is said to be haunted.

Coffeyville, Kansas & the Deadly Dalton Gang – Coffeyville, Kansas in southeastern Montgomery County was one of many bustling Kansas cowtowns and the site of the famous Dalton Gang bank robbery in 1892.

Green BookThe Crucial Role of the Negro Motorist Green Book – The Negro Motorist Green Book was a guidebook published annually for African-Americans traveling across the country during the era of Jim Crow Laws. (Rewrite and expansion of previous article) 

Alice ‘Alse’ Young – First Witch Hanging Victim in Colonial America – Author Beth Caruso discusses what we know, and what we don’t about the first person to be convicted for witchcraft crimes and hanged for it in colonial America.

Audie Murphy

Audie Murphy – America’s Greatest Hero – Award-winning and best selling author Rena Winters explores the life of Audie Murphy after returning from World War II as one of America’s most decorated heroes.

September Newsletter – Ghost Towns, Route 66, a land scandal, phantom train, and spider ninja in this months Legends Newsletter.

Yazoo Land Scandal of Georgia – The Yazoo Land Scandal, also known as the Yazoo Land Fraud, was one of the most significant events following the American Revolution in Georgia history.

Hyannis, Nebraska Main Street by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Grant County, Nebraska – Ghost Towns on the Plains – Grant County, Nebraska located in the western portion of the state, is the 9th least populous county in the United States and has several near ghost towns.

The Curse of the Famous Hope Diamond – The Hope Diamond, one of the most famous jewels in the world, has a history dating back almost four centuries. It is also said to be cursed.

Avilla, Missouri – Avilla has a rich history of Union support during the Civil War and a brief resurgence when Route 66 came through, but today it sits quietly along a ghost town stretch of the Mother Road.

Grand Riviera Theater – Gone Today – The Grand Riviera Theatre in Detroit, Michigan was once a beautiful theatre that served for generations before it was closed and later demolished in 1999.

The 1889 Phelps, Missouri school house still stands on Route 66. It has been restored today. Photo by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Onwards to Carthage – Heatonville to Plew – Between Heatonville and Avilla on old route 66, there are several ghost towns including Albatross, Phelps, Rescue, and Plew.

Spencer, Missouri – Quiet Now – The ghost town of Spencer, Missouri is located on Route 66 just a few miles west of Paris Springs Junction.

Gay Parita in Paris Springs Junction, Missouri in the 1930s

Paris Springs, Missouri –  Revival on the Mother Road – Paris Springs Junction, Missouri is located on old Route 66 in Lawrence County. The village of Paris Springs got its start in the 1850s.

Halltown, Missouri – Where Yesterday Meets Today – Halltown, Missouri, located on old Route 66 is a small village in Lawrence County, about 18 miles west of Springfield.

August Newsletter – Tripping Missouri history, what might we have lost without Ohiyesa’s father, the first federal road and more in this months letter.

Old Village Mercantile in Caledonia, Missouri today by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Caledonia, Missouri – Stepping Back in Time – Caledonia, Missouri is a small village in the Bellevue Valley of Washington County. Today, most of the town has been declared a National Historic District.

Brigantine Castle, New Jersey – Lost to the Ghosts – Brigantine Castle was once a popular funhouse and haunted house attraction that drew thousands of visitors each year.

Hermann, Missouri – Little Germany – Hermann, Missouri, the county seat of Gasconade County, evolved out of an effort to preserve German culture and traditions in America.

Bollinger Mill and the Covered Bridge in Burfordville, Missouri by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Burfordville, Missouri – Home of the Bollinger Mill – Burfordville, Missouri, a small unincorporated community in western Cape Girardeau County, is home to the Bollinger Mill State Historic Site and the Burfordville Covered Bridge.

Fox Theatre – Lost in Seattle – The Fox Theatre, once located in downtown Seattle, Washington was described as being “fairy-like in appearance” when it opened. It was demolished in 1992.

Apple Creek in Old Appleton, Missouri by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Old Appleton, Missouri – Bridging Apple Creek – Old Appleton, Missouri, located on the south bank of the Apple Creek in Cape Girardeau County, got its start in the early 1800s.

Mill Spring, Missouri – All Quiet Now – Mill Spring, Missouri, located along the Black River in Wayne County, in the southeast portion of the state got its start as a railroad and logging town.

Stony Dell Resort, Jerome, Missouri

Jerome, Missouri & a Tribute to the Trail of Tears (major rewrite of the previous article with more about the town) Jerome is a small town on the Gasconade River in western Phelps County. Portions of the area are on Route 66 and include a tribute to the Trail of Tears.

Arlington Road, Missouri – True Vintage Route 66 – West of Rolla, Missouri, Route 66 makes its way to Arlington Road. A dead-end pathway today, this original portion of Route 66 was once an important road.

July Newsletter – Lost historic landmarks, ghost towns, patent medicine, safe haven in Wyoming and Smokey Bear in this months Newsletter.

Aztec Motel, Albuquerque, New Mexico Art Detail by John Margolies, 2003.

Lost Historic Landmarks and Vanished Sites – We are starting an ambitious endeavor to chronicle some of the more interesting and important places that have been lost to deterioration and progress.

Call Building – The Call Building in San Francisco, California was once the tallest building in the city and was renowned for its beauty.

Bedrock City – The once-popular Bedrock City Theme Park and Campground, in Custer, South Dakota, entertained and welcomed thousands of visitors for almost 50 years before it was reduced to rubble in April 2019.

Palace Amusements, Asbury Park, New Jersey – Palace Amusements in Asbury Park, New Jersey thrilled visitors for 100 years as they enjoyed rides, amusements, games, funhouses, music, and arcades on the Jersey Shore.

Old Aztec Court, Albuquerque, New Mexico – Up until 2011, when the building was razed, it was the oldest continuously used motel in Albuquerque making it one of the most important Route 66 icons.

Original Pennsylvania Station, New York City –  Built during the Golden Age of railroading when its owners intended the terminal not only to serve the specific needs of the railroad but also to embellish the city as a monumental gateway.

Old City Hall –  Detroit – Detroit, Michigan’s old old City Hall opened in 1871 and included three stories, an observation deck, and a large clock tower.

Galena, South Dakota – Thriving on Silver – Galena, South Dakota is a ghost town and old mining camp located in the Black Hills of Lawrence County, about 11 miles southeast of Deadwood.

Point of Rocks Stage Station in Pringle, South Dakota by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Pringle -Trail Town of the Southern Hills – Pringle, South Dakota is a semi-ghost town in Custer County that got its start as a stage stop on the Sidney-Custer Trail.

Rochford – Rochford, South Dakota, an old mining camp in Pennington County, is said to be the friendliest ghost town in the Black Hills.

Historic McCahan Chapel in the Historic District of Mystic, South Dakota by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Mystic – Mining & Timber – The old mining camp and railroad town of Mystic, South Dakota is located along Castle Creek in Pennington County.

Buffalo Gap – Rowdy Cow Town – Buffalo Gap, South Dakota is a semi-ghost town in Custer County just outside the eastern edge of the Black Hills.

George McJunkin – Black Cowboy & History Changing Amateur Archaeologist – A talented bronc buster, ranch hand, and member of the Cowboy Hall of Fame, McJunkin is credited with one of the greatest archeological finds in the U.S. (Special article submission from Matt Doherty)

St. Elmo, Colorado buildings by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

St Elmo, Colorado – Best Preserved Ghost Town  – (Update and expansion of early article) – St. Elmo, is one of the best-preserved ghost towns in Colorado and the entire district was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.

Cornelius “Lame Johnny” Donahue & a Tale of Lost Treasure – Cornelius Donahue, better known as Lame Johnny was a road agent in the Black Hills. He was hanged by vigilantes before he could be taken to jail.

John Reynolds Hughes

John Reynolds Hughes – John Reynolds Hughes was a cowboy, rancher, author, and one of the most influential and recognized Texas Rangers during his lifetime.

James D. Houck – Arizona Pioneer & Lawman – James D. Houck was a miner, trader, pioneer, lawman, and namesake of Houck, Arizona.

Jack Helm – Texas Lawman – John Jackson “Jack” Helm was a Texas cowboy, Confederate soldier, gunfighter, and lawman who was eventually killed for his part in the Sutten-Taylor feud.

Centralia, Pennsylvania, 1960s

Centralia, Pennsylvania  – A Lost Town – Centralia, Pennsylvania is a ghost town in Columbia County that was caused by an underground coal mine fire that has been burning since 1962.

9 Important Women in American History You May Not Have Heard of – There are many powerful and influential women who have had a significant part in American history, but these are 9 many have not heard of. (submitted by Vandana at Historyly)

June Newsletter – Lost adventures, Natives in the American Revolution, fur trading along the Snake River and more in this months newsletter.

North Bloomfield, California and the Malakoff Diggins – A California State Park, the district includes the workings of Malakoff Diggins adjacent to the ghost town of North Bloomfield.

Empire Mine Buildings by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Empire Mine, Grass Valley – One of the oldest, deepest, and richest gold mines in California, the Empire Mine in Grass Valley in the Sierra Nevada’s is a State Historic Park today.

San Francisco, California History – San Francisco, California, the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Central California today, has a long and interesting history.

Nevadaville, Colorado Buildings, Masonic Lodge at left by Kathy Wieser-Alexander.

Nevadaville, Colorado – Nevadaville, Colorado, an old mining town, was yet another that got its start in Gregory Gulch, the same as Black Hawk and Central City.

Virginia Dale, Colorado – Overland Trail Ghost Town – Virginia Dale, Colorado, located along the Overland Trail in Larimer County, began as a stage station in 1862.

Bill Jordan – Gunfighter Legend – Serving with the U.S. Border Patrol his accomplishments led to the development of the guns and gear used by law enforcement across the nation.

Famous Armories Across America – Across the country, firearm collections tell an important part of the American story. Check out a few of the best armories that tell their history.

Ben Holladay

Ben Holladay – The Stagecoach King – Ben Holladay began a number of stagecoach routes in the American West and became known as the “Stagecoach King”.

The Overland Trail Across the American West – The Overland Trail, also known as the Overland Stage Line, was a stagecoach and wagon road in the American West.

Genoa, Colorado Wonder Tower today, by Dave Alexander, 2018.

Genoa, Colorado & the Wonder Tower – Genoa, Colorado, a near ghost town in Lincoln County, has long been called home to a roadside attraction called the quirky Genoa Wonder Tower.

Vulture City, Arizona – Gold Mine Ghost Town – Vulture City, Arizona, once a popular gold mining camp, is a ghost town located at the site of the defunct Vulture Mine in Maricopa County.

Yucca, Arizona & the Route 66 Bypass – The Yucca Bypass from Kingman to Topock, Arizona was a Route 66 alignment that was built through the area in 1952. Yucca boomed but is a ghost town today.

Oatman Highway, Arizona – Traveling west from Kingman to Oatman, the adventure on this early alignment of Route 66 is a great start to fun and history ahead.

Old store in Eden, Arizona by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Eden, Arizona – Mormon Ghost Town – Eden, Arizona, located in Graham County was an agricultural community established by Mormon settlers in 1881. It would wind up as a nudist colony.

Two Guns – Death By Highway –  Two Guns, Arizona, once a popular stop for Route 66 travelers, died a quick death when it was bypassed by I-40 (updated previously published article)

Houck, Arizona – Home of Fort Courage – Just three miles west of Allentown, Arizona on Route 66, is the small town of Houck. It is still home to the remains of a tourist stop called Fort Courage.

Lupton, Arizona – Welcome to the Grand Canyon State – Lupton, Arizona situated right on the New Mexico border, also known as Painted Cliffs, invites visitors with high sandstone bluffs and trading posts.

Shumla, Texas – Another Railroad Casualty – Shumla, Texas got its start as a railroad town in 1882. Today, it is a ghost town.

Bonfire Shelter cliff today, Kathy Weiser, February, 2011

Bonfire Shelter, Texas – Bonfire Shelter is an archaeological site located in a southwest Texas near LangtryTexas. The site contains evidence of mass American buffalo hunts.

Spofford, Texas – Dust on the Tracks – The ghost town of Spofford, Texas, located in south central Kinney County, got its start when the Galveston, Harrisburg & San Antonio Railroad came through.

May Newsletter – Ghost towns, flavors of the Mother Road, gunfighter legend Charles Askins, Memorial Day and more in this months newsletter.

Pumpville, Texas – Railroad Ghost Town – Pumpville, Texas is a ghost town located between Langtry and Dryden in Val Verde County.

Alcala, Texas Buildings by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Acala, Texas – Desert Ghost Town – Acala, Texas is a ghost town located in the lower El Paso Valley of the Rio Grande in Hudspeth County.

Roosevelt, Texas – Hill Country Ghost Town – Roosevelt, Texas, a ghost town in Kimble County, was established in 1898 and named for Theodore Roosevelt.

Charles Askins – Gunfighter Legend – Charles Askins was an American lawman, U.S. Army officer, and writer known for his skills as a gunman and work in the American Border Patrol. (Article submitted by Concealment Express)

Lake Meredith National Recreation Area, Texas – Lake Meredith National Recreation Area in Hutchinson County, Texas lies within windswept high plains of the Candian River region of the Texas Panhandle.

Our Lady of Loreto Chapel at the Presidio de la Bahi­a. Photo by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Spanish Missions in Texas – The Spanish Missions in Texas are religious outposts established by Spanish priests and colonial authorities to spread the Catholic doctrine among Natives.

Presidio de San Saba, Menard, Texas – The Presidio of San Saba, located one mile west of Menard, Texas, was founded in April 1757 to convert the Lipan Apache Indians to Christianity.

An old homestead in Toyah, Texas by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Toyah, Texas – Dying Along the Railroad – Toyah, Texas, the oldest town in Reeves County, was once a railroad hub. Today, it is a sparsely populated ghost town with numerous abandoned buildings.

Parkerville, Kansas – Prairie Ghost Town – Parkerville, Kansas is a semi-ghost town located on the Neosho River about 12 miles northwest of Council Grove. It was built as a railroad town.

Huron, Kansas Ghost Town – Huron, Kansas, located in Atchison County, got its start as a railroad town in 1882. Though it still has a small population, it is a ghost town today

The Jacob Brenner House still stands in Doniphan, Kansas by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Doniphan, Kansas – River Ghost Town – Doniphan, Kansas is a ghost town located in southeast Doniphan County along the Missouri River. This muddy river would also be the cause of its demise.

April Newsletter – Off the beaten path in Kansas, Native Religion, the latest additions and more in this months Newsletter.

Shafter, Texas Mining Ruins by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Shafter, Texas – Silver Mining Ghost Town – Shafter, Texas, a ghost town located at the east end of the Chinati Mountains 18 miles north of Presidio, has a long history closely tied to silver mining.

Salt Flat, Texas Ghost Town – Salt Flat, Texas is a ghost town located in Hudspeth County in west Texas that got its start on a new highway between El Paso, TX and Carlsbad, NM.

Civil Rights Movement – The Civil Rights Movement was a struggle for social justice that took place during the 1950s and 1960s for African-Americans seeking constitutional equality

Jim Crow Laws – Jim Crow laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern states from the 1870s into the 1960s.

Salem Poor – From Slave to Hero – Salem Poor was an African-American slave who purchased his freedom, became a soldier, and rose to fame as a war hero during the American Revolution.

Civil War

Life in the Civil War – The Civil War became all-encompassing, touching the lives of nearly all Americans, while the country fought over the future of the nation.

Fort Delaware, Delaware City, Delaware – Fort Delaware, on Pea Patch Island in the Delaware River, was a harbor defense facility built to protect the ports of Wilmington, DE and Philadelphia, PA.

The 13 Colonies of America – The Thirteen American Colonies, founded in the 17th and 18th centuries, were a group of British colonies on the Atlantic coast of North America.

Colonial settlement of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania by Nicholas Garrison, Jr., 1754

Colonial Growth & Expansion – Between 1700 and 1775, the population of the 13 colonies grew from 300,000 to 2.5 million people.

English Colonials to American Patriots – Over time, the English Colonists moved away from rule British and became American Patriots.

Muir Woods National Monument, California – The monument protects 554 acres of old growth redwood forest, one of a few such stands remaining in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Fort Cronkhite, California – Fort Cronkhite is a former military post, located within the Marin Headlands of the Golden Gate Recreational Area, north of San Francisco, California.

Colonial Style buildings at Fort Barry, California today by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

Fort Barry, California – Fort Barry is a former United States Army installation that protected the San Francisco Bay area with a line of gun batteries at the edge of the Pacific.

World War II in San Francisco, California – During World War II, the San Francisco Bay Area became America’s “Arsenal of Democracy,” causing many dramatic changes in the Bay Area.

Golden Gate National Recreation Area – Golden Gate National Recreation Area in San Francisco, California is one of the largest urban national parks in the world and one of the most visited.

Zia Pueblo, New Mexico – The Zia Pueblo in New Mexico is comprised of Keresan-speaking Indians who have continuously occupied the site since the 13th century

Santa Clara Pueblo by Edward S. Curtis, 1905.

Santa Clara Pueblo, New Mexico – Santa Clara Pueblo is a Tewa Indian settlement along the Rio Grande in north-central New Mexico that has been home to these Puebloans for hundreds of years.

March Newsletter – From Native Americans to gangstas, a trip down to Arkansas and Women’s History Month That and more in this months newsletter.

San Ildefonso Pueblo, New Mexico – San Ildefonso Pueblo in north-central New Mexico is a Tewa-speaking pueblo built in about 1300

Bandelier National Monument Map by the National Park Service

Bandelier National Monument, New Mexico – Bandelier National Monument, near Los Alamos, New Mexico, preserves the homes of the Ancestral Puebloans, who lived here in the 12th-16th centuries.

Roger Touhy – Chicago Gangster – Roger Touhy was an Irish-American mob boss and prohibition-era bootlegger from Chicago, Illinois who took on Al Capone and his crew.

Baby Face Nelson

Baby Face” Nelson – Midwest Gangster – Lester Joseph Gillis, known as Baby Face Nelson, was a young gangster and bank robber from Chicago who was associated with Touhy Gang and John Dillinger.

La Cosa Nostra – American Mafia – La Cosa Nostra, also known as the “Mob” or the “Mafia”, evolved from the Sicilian Mafia and is one of the foremost organized criminal threats to America.

The FBI and the American Gangster – The FBI, established in 1908, was designed to fight crime on a national level. When Prohibition began, the agency would meet its largest foe – gangsters.

Prohibition in the United States – Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide ban on the production, import, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.

Charles "Lucky" Luciano

Lucky Luciano – Italian Crime Boss of New York – Charles “Lucky” Luciano was an influential Italian-born mobster who operated out of New York City for years, before he was sent to prison and later deported

Gangsters, Thugs, and Mafia in Hot Springs, Arkansas – Gambling, prostitution, bootlegging, and gangsters were once a rampant part of Hot Springs, Arkansas history.

Hot Springs, Arkansas – Home of Healing Waters – Hot Springs, Arkansas, located in the Central Ouachita Mountains, is home to the Hot Springs National Park, known for its healing waters and rich history.

San Juan Pueblo, New Mexico by Edward S. Curtis, 1927

Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo, New Mexico – The Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo, formerly known as the San Juan Pueblo, is a Tewa-speaking village located in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico.

Kuaua Ruin – Coronado State Historic Site, New Mexico – The Kuaua Pueblo Indian village, now known as the Coronado Historic Site in Bernalillo, New Mexico, was a Tiwa village located on the Rio Grande.

Piro Tribe of New Mexico & Texas -The Piro Indians were once one of the principal Pueblo tribes of New Mexico but many moved to the El Paso, Texas area after the Pueblo Revolt.

The Nuestra Senora de la Concepcion del Socorro Church in Socorro, Texas by Kathy Weiser-Alexander

Socorro Mission, Texas – The Socorro Mission, or Mission Nuestra Señora de la Limpia Concepción is located along the Rio Grande in Socorro, Texas, southeast of El Paso.

Ysleta del Sur Pueblo, El Paso County, Texas – The Ysleta del Sur Pueblo and the Mission Corpus Christi de la Ysleta, located just southeast of El Paso, Texas is the oldest operated parish in the state.

Las Trampas, New Mexico – Las Trampas, New Mexico is a historic 18th-century village & Historic District, featuring at its center, the Spanish colonial San José de Garcia Church.

Jemez State Monument - Gisewatowa Pueblo Church Ruins by Kathy Weiser-Alexander

San José de los Jémez Mission and Gíusewa Pueblo, New Mexico – The San José de los Jémez Mission and Gíusewa Pueblo Site in Sandoval County, New Mexico, includes the remains of an early 17th-century mission complex.

Cochiti Tribe of New Mexico – The Cochiti are a Keresan-speaking tribe and their pueblo is located about 35 miles southwest of Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Ohlone Indians of California – The Ohlone Indians, named Costanoan by early Spanish colonists, are a linguistic family who lived on the coast of central California.

Susquehannock Tribe of the Northeast – The Susquehannock people, also called the Conestoga by the English, were an important Iroquoian-speaking tribe that formerly lived on Susquehanna River.

Mission Santa Inez, California by the Detroit Photo Co., 1898

Spanish Missions in California – Stretching from San Diego de Alcalá in the south to San Francisco de Solano, California in the north, there are 21 Spanish missions established by Spain.

Mission San Miguel Arcangel, San Miguel, California – Mission San Miguel Arcángel is a Spanish mission in San Miguel, California. It was the 16th of 21 Franciscan Catholic missions established in California.

Santa Barbara Mission, California – Mission Santa Barbara, was the 10th of 21 California missions founded by Franciscan priests during the 18th and early 19th centuries.

Mission Santa Ines, Solvang, California – Santa Ines Mission in Solvang, California was the 19th of 21 California missions established by the Franciscan Fathers during the 18th and 19th centuries.

San Luis Rey Mission, Oceanside, California – San Luis Rey Mission in Oceanside, California was the 18th of the 21 original missions established by the Spanish throughout California.

February Newsletter – This months addition includes memories of Death Valley, Spanish Missions, Black History and more.

Mission Concepcion, San Antonio, Texas by Kathy Weiser-Alexander

List of Missions & Presidios in the United States – We’re working to expand our information on Missions and Presidios in the U.S. Here’s a page with links to what we have so far.

Chumash Revolt of 1824, California – The Chumash Revolt of 1824 was an uprising of the Chumash Indians against the Spanish and Mexican presence in their ancestral lands of California.

Mission San José de Tumacácori, Arizona – Founded by Father Eusebio Francisco Kino in January 1691, Mission San Cayetano de Tumacacori was the first mission to be located in what is now Arizona.

Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá, San Diego, California – Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá was the first of 21 Franciscan missions established in California. Founded in 1769 it is located in San Diego.

La Purísima Mission, Lompoc, California – La Purisima Mission in Lompoc, California was founded in 1787 and was the 11th of 21 Franciscan Missions in California. It is a state park today.

San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo Mission, California – The San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Mission in Carmel, California, is one of the most authentically restored Roman Catholic mission churches in California.

Gran Quivira, New Mexico – The Gran Quivira, as it has been called for over a century, is a unit of the Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument and dates back to at least 800 A.D.

Spanish Missions in New Mexico – In 1598 Spanish conquistador Juan de Oñate led a very large group of soldiers, priests, and colonists into New Mexico to establish a number of missions.

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument, New Mexico – Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument protects the sites of three Pueblos and the ruins of three Spanish missions near Mountainair, New Mexico.

Quarai Mission & Pueblo, New Mexico – The Quarai Pueblo and its Spanish mission, Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Quarai, are located in central New Mexico.

Mission San Gregorio de Abo, New Mexico – Mission San Gregorio de Abo, located in central New Mexico, is a pueblo ruin and historic Spanish mission that dates back to the early 1600s.

Spanish Missions Architecture and Preservation – Spanish Missions are rich cultural landscapes that span the spectrum from isolated and quickly abandoned chapels to comprehensive, self-sustaining towns.

A Day in the Life of a Spanish Missionary – Friar Alonso de Benavides, the newly appointed ecclesiastical dignitary of the New Mexico mission field, wrote about the life of a Spanish missionary.

Significance of Spanish Missions in America – Spanish colonial missions in North America are significant because so many were established and they had lasting effects on the cultural landscape.

Life in the Spanish Missions – The histories of life in the Spanish Missions are both controversial and romanticized and have long influenced our views of Spanish colonial heritage

Roanoke Island Settlement & the Lost Colony – The Roanoke Colony was the first attempt at founding a permanent English settlement in North America.

Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia – Williamsburg, Virginia was the thriving capital of the commonwealth when the dream of American freedom and independence was taking shape.

Iolani Palace, Honolulu, Hawaii – Iolani Palace in downtown Honolulu, Hawaii was the official residence and capitol of the last ruling monarchs of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

Queen Liliuokalani

Queen Liliuokalani – Last Royal Ruler of Hawaii – Queen Liliuokalani, the last sovereign ruler of Hawaii ruled from January 29, 1891, until the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on January 17, 1893.

Mary Ann Shadd Cary – Mary Ann Shadd Cary was an African American activist, writer, teacher, lawyer, and journalist in the mid-1800s. She was also the first African American Publisher in the U.S. and Canada.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt – Franklin Delano Roosevelt was a Democratic statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until 1945.

President Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal

President Roosevelt’s New Deal – The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, and financial reforms enacted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression.

Blue Ridge Parkway in Virginia & North Carolina – Connecting the Shenandoah and Great Smoky Mountains National Parks, the Blue Ridge Parkway is one of the most important automobile parkways in the United States and the most visited National Park unit in the nation.

Historic American Building Survey – The Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) is the nations’ first federal preservation program, begun in 1933 to document America’s architectural heritage

Works Progress Administration of the Great Depression – The Works Progress Administration (WPA) was part of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal program during the Great Depression.

Andersonville Prison of the Civil War – The Camp Sumter military prison at Andersonville, Georgia was one of the largest Confederate military prisons during the Civil War.

Fort Pulaski, Savannah, Georgia by Harpers Weekly Newspaper, December 28, 1861

Fort Pulaski, Georgia – Fort Pulaski National Monument is located on Cockspur Island between Savannah and Tybee Island, Georgia with a significant Civil War history.

Fort Knox State Historic Site, Maine – The Fort Knox State Park in Prospect, Maine features historic Fort Knox, one of the tallest bridge observatories in the world, and maybe a few ghosts. (Not to be confused with the active Fort Knox in Kentucky)

Fort Warren, Massachusetts – Situated on Georges Island in Boston Harbor, Massachusetts, Fort Warren was built between 1883 and 1861 and is best known for its service in the Civil War.

Missouri State Penitentiary by Kathy Weiser-Alexander

Haunted Missouri State Penitentiary in Jefferson City – Once called the “Bloodiest 47 acres in America”, the Missouri State Penitentiary in Jefferson City is said to be extremely haunted.

Eastern State Penitentiary, Philadelphia – Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is well known for several reasons. – It was expensive, radical, and said to be haunted.

West Virginia Penitentiary today, by Carol Highsmith

Haunted West Virginia Penitentiary in Moundsville – The West Virginia Penitentiary in Moundsville not only provides visitors with a wealth of history, but some also say it is called home to several ghosts.

Early American Advertising: From Then ‘Til Now – The earliest American ad men did print advertisements used primarily to promote books, newspapers, and medicines. Author Sam Bocetta explores.

Captain William Kid – Best Known Privateer – Captain William Kidd was a 17th-century Scottish sailor who became one of the best-known privateers of his time. He was later hanged for piracy.

Schooner Carroll A. Deering, as seen from the Cape Lookout lightship on January 28, 1921 by the US Coast Guard

Carroll A. Deering – Ghost Ship on the Diamond Shoals, North Carolina – The five-masted ship, the Carroll A. Deering, sailed for just a few short years before being found abandoned on Diamond Shoals of North Carolina.

Bennington Triangle, Vermont – The Bennington Triangle centered around Glastenbury Mountain in Vermont, has is for strange events including UFOs, bigfoot sightings, and missing people.

Bridgewater Triangle, Massachusetts – Located in southeastern Massachusetts is the Bridgewater Triangle, the site of legends and curses for centuries.

January Newsletter – Did they worry about their eating habits in the Old West… trying to find excuses to dodge the resolutions, gambling, and the best Ghost Town in Texas in this months newsletter.

To see what else you might have missed, check out our archive of newsletters here

4 thoughts on “What’s New”

  1. Yes it quite interesting and informative always had an interest in history I will visit this site more often and tell my friends Robert Jose pH Leonard

  2. Interesting and crazy people then just as s there is now Robert Joseph Leonard distant relative of the Great Scott General Winfield Scott first American General to conquer Mexico another Nation

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