Here’s more on the latest additions to our website:
Six-Mile, Kansas – A Red Leg Stronghold – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Six-Mile Tavern, established just a few miles west of Quindaro, became one of the rendezvous points of the famous Red Legs, a secret band of Union guerillas.
Quindaro, Kansas – A Free-State Black Town – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Though the town is extinct, it has a rich history and there is still Quindaro neighborhood in Kansas City, Kansas today.
Votaw Colony – An Extinct Black Settlement – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) The Votaw Colony was an African American settlement established by Exodusters from Texas in 1881 two miles north of Coffeyville, near the Verdigris River in Montgomery County, Kansas.
July Newsletter – 100th Anniversary for the 19th, Grasshopper menace, Medicine Bags, Wisconsin Road Trip, and much more in this month’s newsletter.
Grasshopper Plague of the Great Plains – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) An invasion of grasshoppers began in July 1874 when millions of insects, more accurately called Rocky Mountain locusts, descended on the Great Plains.
Kansas Freedmen’s Relief Association – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) The association was incorporated in May 1879 and the next month, the group issued an appeal “to friends of the colored people” to “aid destitute freedmen, refugees and immigrants” who were migrating to Kansas.
Governor John Pierce St. John – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) John Pierce St. John was the eighth governor of the State of Kansas and was the Prohibition presidential nominee in 1884. Under his tenure as governor, Kansas became the third state to enact a statewide prohibition of alcohol which would last until 1948 and remain in some form until 1987.
Cheyenne County, Kansas – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Cheyenne County, Kansas, the most northwestern county in the state, was named for the Cheyenne Indians. The county has an altitude of over 3,000 feet and encompasses 1,020 square miles.
Rivers, Lakes & Waterways – Waterways, defined as navigable rivers, canals, and lakes, cover maritime or inland transport routes. The inland waterways of the United States include more than 25,000 miles of navigable waters today.
Reno County Kansas – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Reno County measures 1,256 square miles and is the third-largest county in Kansas behind Butler and Finney Counties.
Sylvia, Kansas – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Sylvia, Kansas, located in the east-central portion of Reno County, got its start in 1874. The settlement was first called Zenith and a post office opened in May 1876.
Marshall County Kansas – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Marshall County’s rich history of the Oregon and Mormon Trails, the short-lived Pony Express, and pioneer settlements can still be seen at a number of historic sites and museums.
Frankfort, Kansas – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) The neighborhood, of which Frankfort became a primary trading point, was settled in 1855-56 by Free-State men from Ohio and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Lindsborg, Kansas – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Lindsborg is known as “Little Sweden” and has hosted a biennial celebration called Svensk Hyllningsfest since 1941. It is held in October of odd-numbered years.
Potter – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) The building of Potter was the third and the most successful attempt to establish a town in the vicinity. The first attempt was at Mount Pleasant in 1854. It was one of the first towns started in Kansas, and established the first post office in Atchison County.
Muscotah – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Like other small agricultural Kansas towns, Muscotah declined over the 20th century. Though it still maintains a post office and about 170 people, the village is filled with abandoned buildings.
Effingham – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Prior to the establishment of the town, there was a settlement in the area for a number of years and was a flourishing trading point. A post office was allegedly established in this community in 1866.
Lancaster – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Lancaster, Kansas, situated ten miles west of Atchison, just off U.S. Highway 73, got its start in 1857 and is one of the oldest towns in Atchison County.
June Newsletter – Celebrating 17 Years! U.S. Facts and Trivia, an Unexpected stop in Kansas and more in this month’s Legends of America Newsletter.
Robert Hall Pearson – Founder of Palmyra – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Robert Hall Pearson was one of the first settlers in Palmyra Township of Douglas County in what would later become Baldwin City, Kansas.
Samuel J. Jones – Pro-Slavery Sheriff of Douglas County – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Samuel J. Jones was a notorious character during the early border troubles and the first sheriff of Douglas County, Kansas.
Martin Luther King Jr. – Civil Rights Activist & Hero – Martin Luther King, Jr. was a Baptist minister and equal rights activist who was the most visible spokesperson and leader of the American Civil Rights Movement from the mid-1950s until his assassination in 1968
Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway – The Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway (AT&SF), more often simply referred to as the “Santa Fe Railroad,” was first chartered by the Kansas Territorial Legislature in February 1859 and called the Atchison-Topeka Railroad.
Cyrus K. Holliday – First Kansas Railroader – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Cyrus Kurtz Holliday was a capitalist and railroad builder who made his dream come true when he established the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway.
Paxico – (From our Legends Of Kansas website) Paxico, Kansas is a small town located on Mill Creek in Wabaunsee County, Kansas. A fine example of a rural market town established during the period of rural-agricultural dominance (1865-1900) in Kansas history, Paxico’s Historic District displays a number of well-kept and restored buildings from this era.
Etienne Veniard de Bourgmont – Etienne Veniard de Bourgmont was a French explorer who documented his travels on the Missouri and Platte Rivers in North America and made the first European maps of these areas in the early 18th century.
May Newsletter – Lost Treasure, Bucket List Travel, Native American Symbols, Pontiac on the Mother Road and more! in this months newsletter
The United States Flag – History & Facts – The flag acts were clear as to what was to appear on the flag and the colors that were to be used, but not how they should be arranged.
United States Wildlife – In the United States, wildlife is as diverse as the landscape.
United States Maps – Maps, while recognized as “the most important tool in geography” are also a popular and effective resource for teaching history and can extend into many other subjects including science and literature.
Washington Geography – Washington, in the extreme northwestern comer of the United States was formed from part of the Oregon Territory in 1853 and became the 42nd state. (includes printable maps)
Lost Treasure in Southern Colorado in 1910 – Artist Frederick M. DuMond tells a story of finding Native American treasures in southern Colorado, only to never find it again. Historic text, submitted by author Richard Panofsky, DuMond’s great-grandson.
State Capitols in the United States – A summary of each state capital city in all 50 states of the U.S. Includes free downloadable map.
Bucket List Attraction in Each State – There are great places to see in every state. This is a list of those that many authorities count as the best ones.
March Newsletter – Women’s History Month, Timelines in American History, The Hopewell Culture, Learning Opportunities and much more! in this month’s newsletter.
Learning Opportunities From Legends of America – Quick reference links to start your learning journey through Legends of America, along with a few beyond our website.
American History Timelines – We’re making it easier to find our various timelines of important events with a new menu page for those already published, along with some new ones, like these:
Pre-United States History Timeline – 16,000 BC-1763
Mormon Polygamy – Polygamy was practiced by leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) for more than half of the 19th century in semi-secrecy and practiced publicly from 1852 to 1890 by up to 30 percent of church families.
Influenza Pandemic of 1918 – The 1918 influenza pandemic was the deadliest pandemic in recent history. Referred to as the Spanish Flu, it resulted in the deaths of millions worldwide.
Mobster Dutch Schultz & His Hidden Treasure – Dutch Schultz was a New York City-area mobster of the 1920s and 1930s who made a fortune in criminal activities.
Momo – The Missouri Monster – Momo is a large Bigfoot-like creature that began to be sighted near Louisiana, Missouri in 1972.
Woodland Period of North America – The Woodland period, lasting from about 3,000 BC to 1000 AD, is an archaeological classification of Native American cultures of North America prior to European contact.
Hopewell Culture of Native Americans – The Hopewell culture, also called the Hopewell tradition, is an archeological era of Native Americans that flourished along rivers from the Atlantic Ocean to the eastern Great Plains, and from the Great Lakes region to the Gulf of Mexico.
Indiana Dunes National Park – Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, now a National Park, stretches along the southern shore of Lake Michigan and offers an incredible diversity of habitats.
Chesapeake Bay National Park – The Chesapeake Bay watershed, stretching from Cooperstown, New York, to Norfolk, Virginia includes parts of six states and is the nation’s largest estuary.
Bear River Massacre, Idaho – The Bear River Massacre was an attack on a Shoshone encampment by the United States Army that occurred near present-day Preston, Idaho in January 1863.
Walker War, Utah – The Walker War took place in 1853 in the area around Payson, Utah when tensions between the Mormon settlers and the Ute Indians increased.
Gunnison Massacre, Utah – The Gunnison Massacre occurred in Millard County, Utah in 1853 when Captain John W. Gunnison’s Pacific Railroad Survey party was attacked by Ute Indians.
Hollow Horn Bear – Hollow Horn Bear was a Brule Lakota leader who fought in many of the battles of the Sioux Wars, including the Battle of Little Big Horn.
Old Northwest Territory – The old Northwest Territory formed after the American Revolution encompassed the land between the Great Lakes, the Mississippi River, and the Ohio River.
February Newsletter – Black History Month, Tour the Georgia Coast, tips on Boondocking and more in this Months Legends’ Newsletter.
Death of a Sheriff – Murder and Conspiracy in the Old West – John Doherty was great at poker, but not so good at local politics. The latter would prove fatal and it would take the Governor’s direction to solve it. Story by John’s Great Grand Nephew Ciaran Conliffe.
Haunted Road Trip: 5 East Coast Destinations to Visit – Use our tips to plan your own haunted road trip and spend some time exploring a few of the country’s creepiest and most notoriously haunted spots. (Submitted by Traci Magnus, Dunes Properties)
Paul Revere and His Midnight Ride – Paul Revere is a folk hero of the American Revolution whose dramatic horseback ride in April 1775 warned Boston area residents that the British were coming.
Queen Anne’s War of North America – Queen Anne’s War was the second in a series of French and Indian Wars fought in the 13 Colonies over control of the North American continent.
King William’s War of North America – King William’s War was the First French and Indian War, was an armed conflict between England and France in North America.
Acadia National Park, Maine – Called the “Crown Jewel of the North Atlantic Coast,” Acadia National Park protects the natural beauty of the highest rocky headlands along the Atlantic coastline, an abundance of habitats, and rich cultural heritage.
Richard West – Oklahoma Outlaw – Small in stature, Richard West was an outlaw who rode with Bill Doolin and the Oklahombres in Oklahoma.
The Goingsnake Massacre or the Cherokee Courtroom Shootout – A feud between two men led to a confrontation and a trial where a shoot-out occurred leaving seven lawmen dead and several others injured.
Nez Perce War – The Nez Perce War was an armed conflict between several bands of the Nez Perce tribe and an allied band of Palouse against the United States Army.
Fort Lapwai, Idaho – Fort Lapwai was a federal fort established in north-central Idaho in 1862 in what is now the present-day city of Lapwai.
Nez Perce National Historic Trail – The Nez Perce National Historic Trail follows the route taken by a large band of the Nez Perce Indian tribe in 1877 when they attempted to flee.
Typhoid Mary Mallon – Typhoid Mary, was an Irish cook who was the first person in the United States identified as an asymptomatic carrier of typhoid fever.
Native American Archaeological Periods – North American archaeology divides the history of pre-Columbian North America into several periods
Clovis Culture of Native Americans – The Clovis culture is a prehistoric Paleoindian Period culture, named for distinct stone tools found near Clovis, New Mexico in the 1920s and 1930s.
Cree Tribe of North America – One of the largest native groups in North America, the Cree tribe, originally from Canada migrated south into the upper plains of the United States.
January 2020 Newsletter – Catch ‘Em Alive Jack, The First Native Physician, Go West on the Oregon Trail, Texas Road Trip, What’s New & More! In this month’s Newsletter.
Peaceful Retreat – Keep Your Kids Happy During Vacation – Most kids, especially young ones, don’t relish being cooped up in an airplane cabin or a car for hours on end. Here are some tips to help from Daniel Sherwin at DadSolo.
Fannie Echols – First Woman Sentenced to Hang at Fort Smith – Fannie Echols was the first woman convicted of a capital crime in the Federal Court for the Western District of Arkansas.
James B. Hume – California Lawman & Detective – James B. Hume was miner, trader, and lawman in California after the Gold Rush began, but left his mark on history as a Wells Fargo detective who captured stagecoach robbers such as Black Bart.
John Barclay Armstrong – Texas Lawman – John B. Armstrong, III was a soldier, rancher, Texas Ranger, and U.S. Deputy Marshal who established the Armstrong Ranch still in operation today.
Peter Anderson – Killed in the Line of Duty – A full-blooded Potawatomi Indian, Peter Anderson was deputized for an Oklahoma County, Oklahoma posse to assist officers in apprehending a cattle rustler.
John R. Abernathy – Wolf Catcher & Lawman – John “Jack” R. Abernathy, also known as the Wolf Catcher and Catch ‘Em Alive Jack, was the youngest and last U.S. Deputy Marshal in Oklahoma Territory, serving from 1906 to 1910.
Train Robberies of America – After the Civil War, train robberies began in earnest and lasted up until the 1930s.
Mexican Treasure on the Blue River, Oklahoma – A strongbox filled with gold coins is said to be buried along the Blue River north of Durant, Oklahoma.
Fort Sill, Oklahoma Lost Payroll – In June 1892, a payroll stagecoach was making its way from Wichita Falls, Texas to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, carrying nearly $100,000 in gold and silver coins. Is it still on fort grounds?
Bridgeport, Oklahoma – Fording the Canadian River – Bridgeport, Oklahoma, a ghost town in northeastern Caddo County, was once a busy city located on Route 66.
Calumet, Oklahoma – An Old Stretch of Route 66 – Heading west from El Reno, Oklahoma on Route 66, this earliest alignment (1926-1934) of the Mother Road travels through a number of small towns that show the obvious suffering that results from superhighways bypassing small towns.
Geary, Oklahoma – Bypassed by Route 66 – Geary, Oklahoma is a small town located about 50 miles northwest of Oklahoma City, in Blaine County at the junction of U.S. Highways 270 and 281.
Hydro, Oklahoma – Home of Lucille’s – Hydro, Oklahoma, located in Caddo and Blaine Counties in the eastern part of the state, is a small town on Route 66.
December Newsletter – Happy Birthday Kit, Mushroom towns of the West, The Valentine Diner and more in this month’s Newsletter.
Chelsea, Oklahoma – Chelsea, Oklahoma, is a small town of about 1,950 that primarily relies on farming, ranching, and oil production, and was the site of the first oil well in Indian Territory.
White Oak, Oklahoma – White Oak, Oklahoma is a very tiny town located on Route 66 southwest of Vinita.
Off the Grid – Our Friend Albert – Albert Hall, a former educator, lawman, and veteran lives in the mountains of Montana, off the grid, with a lifestyle that’s not for everyone.
November Newsletter – Pueblo Painter, historic photographers, the Tabor Triangle, Thanksgiving in America and more in this months newsletter
Saloon Art and Decor – Much like today’s bars, saloon walls were often filled with vendor posters and products, such as whiskey, beer, wine, cigars, and tobacco. Also, commonly seen were posters for area productions, such as theater, musicians, Wild West Shows, circuses, and especially Burlesque.
Russell Lee – Historic Photographer – Russell Lee was a photographer and photojournalist who became a member of the team of the federally sponsored Farm Security Administration.
Walker Evans – Great Depression Photographer – Walker Evans was a photographer who is best known for his work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA) documenting the effects of the Great Depression.
John C. H. Grabill – Photographing the West – John C. H. Grabill was an American photographer who is well known for his photographs taken in South Dakota and Wyoming in the late 19th century.
Awa Tsireh – Pueblo Painter – Awa Tsireh, also known as Alfonso Roybal, was one of the first Pueblo painters to receive recognition by the Santa Fe, New Mexico art community.
October Newsletter – History of Halloween, a Salute to Veterans, Native American Heritage Month and more in this month’s Legends’ Newsletter.
Bring Civil War History to Life at These Iconic War Sites – Take a Civil War road trip through the south to some of these iconic war sites. (article submitted by Traci Magnus, Dunes Properties)
Fort Hays-Fort Dodge Trail, Kansas – The Fort Hays-fort Dodge Trail, established in 1867, was first used by the military, followed by civilian traffic. It continued to be used regularly until the Santa Fe Railroad reached Dodge City in 1872.
The Ghost of White Woman Creek, Kansas – Winding through western Kansas, White Woman Creek starts in Colorado and disappears into White Woman Basin. It is said to be haunted.
Coffeyville, Kansas & the Deadly Dalton Gang – Coffeyville, Kansas in southeastern Montgomery County was one of many bustling Kansas cowtowns and the site of the famous Dalton Gang bank robbery in 1892.
The Crucial Role of the Negro Motorist Green Book – The Negro Motorist Green Book was a guidebook published annually for African-Americans traveling across the country during the era of Jim Crow Laws. (Rewrite and expansion of previous article)
Alice ‘Alse’ Young – First Witch Hanging Victim in Colonial America – Author Beth Caruso discusses what we know, and what we don’t about the first person to be convicted for witchcraft crimes and hanged for it in colonial America.
Audie Murphy – America’s Greatest Hero – Award-winning and best selling author Rena Winters explores the life of Audie Murphy after returning from World War II as one of America’s most decorated heroes.
September Newsletter – Ghost Towns, Route 66, a land scandal, phantom train, and spider ninja in this months Legends Newsletter.
Yazoo Land Scandal of Georgia – The Yazoo Land Scandal, also known as the Yazoo Land Fraud, was one of the most significant events following the American Revolution in Georgia history.
Grant County, Nebraska – Ghost Towns on the Plains – Grant County, Nebraska located in the western portion of the state, is the 9th least populous county in the United States and has several near ghost towns.
The Curse of the Famous Hope Diamond – The Hope Diamond, one of the most famous jewels in the world, has a history dating back almost four centuries. It is also said to be cursed.
Avilla, Missouri – Avilla has a rich history of Union support during the Civil War and a brief resurgence when Route 66 came through, but today it sits quietly along a ghost town stretch of the Mother Road.
Grand Riviera Theater – Gone Today – The Grand Riviera Theatre in Detroit, Michigan was once a beautiful theatre that served for generations before it was closed and later demolished in 1999.
Onwards to Carthage – Heatonville to Plew – Between Heatonville and Avilla on old route 66, there are several ghost towns including Albatross, Phelps, Rescue, and Plew.
Spencer, Missouri – Quiet Now – The ghost town of Spencer, Missouri is located on Route 66 just a few miles west of Paris Springs Junction.
Paris Springs, Missouri – Revival on the Mother Road – Paris Springs Junction, Missouri is located on old Route 66 in Lawrence County. The village of Paris Springs got its start in the 1850s.
Halltown, Missouri – Where Yesterday Meets Today – Halltown, Missouri, located on old Route 66 is a small village in Lawrence County, about 18 miles west of Springfield.
August Newsletter – Tripping Missouri history, what might we have lost without Ohiyesa’s father, the first federal road and more in this months letter.
Caledonia, Missouri – Stepping Back in Time – Caledonia, Missouri is a small village in the Bellevue Valley of Washington County. Today, most of the town has been declared a National Historic District.
Brigantine Castle, New Jersey – Lost to the Ghosts – Brigantine Castle was once a popular funhouse and haunted house attraction that drew thousands of visitors each year.
Hermann, Missouri – Little Germany – Hermann, Missouri, the county seat of Gasconade County, evolved out of an effort to preserve German culture and traditions in America.
Burfordville, Missouri – Home of the Bollinger Mill – Burfordville, Missouri, a small unincorporated community in western Cape Girardeau County, is home to the Bollinger Mill State Historic Site and the Burfordville Covered Bridge.
Fox Theatre – Lost in Seattle – The Fox Theatre, once located in downtown Seattle, Washington was described as being “fairy-like in appearance” when it opened. It was demolished in 1992.
Old Appleton, Missouri – Bridging Apple Creek – Old Appleton, Missouri, located on the south bank of the Apple Creek in Cape Girardeau County, got its start in the early 1800s.
Mill Spring, Missouri – All Quiet Now – Mill Spring, Missouri, located along the Black River in Wayne County, in the southeast portion of the state got its start as a railroad and logging town.
Jerome, Missouri & a Tribute to the Trail of Tears – (major rewrite of the previous article with more about the town) Jerome is a small town on the Gasconade River in western Phelps County. Portions of the area are on Route 66 and include a tribute to the Trail of Tears.
Arlington Road, Missouri – True Vintage Route 66 – West of Rolla, Missouri, Route 66 makes its way to Arlington Road. A dead-end pathway today, this original portion of Route 66 was once an important road.
To see what else you might have missed, check out our archive of newsletters here.