Here’s more on the latest additions to our website:
Roger Touhy – Chicago Gangster – Roger Touhy was an Irish-American mob boss and prohibition-era bootlegger from Chicago, Illinois who took on Al Capone and his crew.
“Baby Face” Nelson – Midwest Gangster – Lester Joseph Gillis, known as Baby Face Nelson, was a young gangster and bank robber from Chicago who was associated with Touhy Gang and John Dillinger.
La Cosa Nostra – American Mafia – La Cosa Nostra, also known as the “Mob” or the “Mafia”, evolved from the Sicilian Mafia and is one of the foremost organized criminal threats to America.
The FBI and the American Gangster – The FBI, established in 1908, was designed to fight crime on a national level. When Prohibition began, the agency would meet its largest foe – gangsters.
Prohibition in the United States – Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide ban on the production, import, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.
Lucky Luciano – Italian Crime Boss of New York – Charles “Lucky” Luciano was an influential Italian-born mobster who operated out of New York City for years, before he was sent to prison and later deported
Gangsters, Thugs, and Mafia in Hot Springs, Arkansas – Gambling, prostitution, bootlegging, and gangsters were once a rampant part of Hot Springs, Arkansas history.
Hot Springs, Arkansas – Home of Healing Waters – Hot Springs, Arkansas, located in the Central Ouachita Mountains, is home to the Hot Springs National Park, known for its healing waters and rich history.
Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo, New Mexico – The Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo, formerly known as the San Juan Pueblo, is a Tewa-speaking village located in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico.
Kuaua Ruin – Coronado State Historic Site, New Mexico – The Kuaua Pueblo Indian village, now known as the Coronado Historic Site in Bernalillo, New Mexico, was a Tiwa village located on the Rio Grande.
Piro Tribe of New Mexico & Texas -The Piro Indians were once one of the principal Pueblo tribes of New Mexico but many moved to the El Paso, Texas area after the Pueblo Revolt.
Socorro Mission, Texas – The Socorro Mission, or Mission Nuestra Señora de la Limpia Concepción is located along the Rio Grande in Socorro, Texas, southeast of El Paso.
Ysleta del Sur Pueblo, El Paso County, Texas – The Ysleta del Sur Pueblo and the Mission Corpus Christi de la Ysleta, located just southeast of El Paso, Texas is the oldest operated parish in the state.
Las Trampas, New Mexico – Las Trampas, New Mexico is a historic 18th-century village & Historic District, featuring at its center, the Spanish colonial San José de Garcia Church.
San José de los Jémez Mission and Gíusewa Pueblo, New Mexico – The San José de los Jémez Mission and Gíusewa Pueblo Site in Sandoval County, New Mexico, includes the remains of an early 17th-century mission complex.
Cochiti Tribe of New Mexico – The Cochiti are a Keresan-speaking tribe and their pueblo is located about 35 miles southwest of Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Ohlone Indians of California – The Ohlone Indians, named Costanoan by early Spanish colonists, are a linguistic family who lived on the coast of central California.
Susquehannock Tribe of the Northeast – The Susquehannock people, also called the Conestoga by the English, were an important Iroquoian-speaking tribe that formerly lived on Susquehanna River.
Spanish Missions in California – Stretching from San Diego de Alcalá in the south to San Francisco de Solano, California in the north, there are 21 Spanish missions established by Spain.
Mission San Miguel Arcangel, San Miguel, California – Mission San Miguel Arcángel is a Spanish mission in San Miguel, California. It was the 16th of 21 Franciscan Catholic missions established in California.
Santa Barbara Mission, California – Mission Santa Barbara, was the 10th of 21 California missions founded by Franciscan priests during the 18th and early 19th centuries.
Mission Santa Ines, Solvang, California – Santa Ines Mission in Solvang, California was the 19th of 21 California missions established by the Franciscan Fathers during the 18th and 19th centuries.
San Luis Rey Mission, Oceanside, California – San Luis Rey Mission in Oceanside, California was the 18th of the 21 original missions established by the Spanish throughout California.
February Newsletter – This months addition includes memories of Death Valley, Spanish Missions, Black History and more.
List of Missions & Presidios in the United States – We’re working to expand our information on Missions and Presidios in the U.S. Here’s a page with links to what we have so far.
Chumash Revolt of 1824, California – The Chumash Revolt of 1824 was an uprising of the Chumash Indians against the Spanish and Mexican presence in their ancestral lands of California.
Mission San José de Tumacácori, Arizona – Founded by Father Eusebio Francisco Kino in January 1691, Mission San Cayetano de Tumacacori was the first mission to be located in what is now Arizona.
Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá, San Diego, California – Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá was the first of 21 Franciscan missions established in California. Founded in 1769 it is located in San Diego.
La Purísima Mission, Lompoc, California – La Purisima Mission in Lompoc, California was founded in 1787 and was the 11th of 21 Franciscan Missions in California. It is a state park today.
San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo Mission, California – The San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Mission in Carmel, California, is one of the most authentically restored Roman Catholic mission churches in California.
Gran Quivira, New Mexico – The Gran Quivira, as it has been called for over a century, is a unit of the Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument and dates back to at least 800 A.D.
Spanish Missions in New Mexico – In 1598 Spanish conquistador Juan de Oñate led a very large group of soldiers, priests, and colonists into New Mexico to establish a number of missions.
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument, New Mexico – Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument protects the sites of three Pueblos and the ruins of three Spanish missions near Mountainair, New Mexico.
Quarai Mission & Pueblo, New Mexico – The Quarai Pueblo and its Spanish mission, Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Quarai, are located in central New Mexico.
Mission San Gregorio de Abo, New Mexico – Mission San Gregorio de Abo, located in central New Mexico, is a pueblo ruin and historic Spanish mission that dates back to the early 1600s.
Spanish Missions Architecture and Preservation – Spanish Missions are rich cultural landscapes that span the spectrum from isolated and quickly abandoned chapels to comprehensive, self-sustaining towns.
A Day in the Life of a Spanish Missionary – Friar Alonso de Benavides, the newly appointed ecclesiastical dignitary of the New Mexico mission field, wrote about the life of a Spanish missionary.
Significance of Spanish Missions in America – Spanish colonial missions in North America are significant because so many were established and they had lasting effects on the cultural landscape.
Life in the Spanish Missions – The histories of life in the Spanish Missions are both controversial and romanticized and have long influenced our views of Spanish colonial heritage
Roanoke Island Settlement & the Lost Colony – The Roanoke Colony was the first attempt at founding a permanent English settlement in North America.
Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia – Williamsburg, Virginia was the thriving capital of the commonwealth when the dream of American freedom and independence was taking shape.
Iolani Palace, Honolulu, Hawaii – Iolani Palace in downtown Honolulu, Hawaii was the official residence and capitol of the last ruling monarchs of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
Queen Liliuokalani – Last Royal Ruler of Hawaii – Queen Liliuokalani, the last sovereign ruler of Hawaii ruled from January 29, 1891, until the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii on January 17, 1893.
Mary Ann Shadd Cary – Mary Ann Shadd Cary was an African American activist, writer, teacher, lawyer, and journalist in the mid-1800s. She was also the first African American Publisher in the U.S. and Canada.