Here’s more on the latest additions to our website:
Kozlowski Trading Post on the Santa Fe Trail in New Mexico – Kozlowski’s Trading Post and Stagecoach Stop is located on the Santa Fe Trail just south of the Pecos Pueblo, in New Mexico.
Forked Lightning Ranch, New Mexico – In 1925, John ‘Tex’ Austin purchased 5,500-acres that were once part of the Los Trigos and Pecos Pueblo land grants, to form the Forked Lightning Ranch.
Santa Fe Trail & Route 66 in the Pecos River Valley, New Mexico – The Upper Pecos River Valley, formed by the Pecos River, is the path of the old Santa Fe Trail and the pre-1937 alignment of Route 66.
San Miguel del Vado, New Mexico – Located 26 miles southwest of Las Vegas, New Mexico is the tiny village of San Miguel del Vado that got its start on a Spanish land grant of the same name.
Rowe, New Mexico – Located just four miles south of the Pecos Pueblo, Rowe, New Mexico was established as a railroad camp in 1876.
Pecos, New Mexico – Located along the pre-1937 Route 66 and the Santa Fe Trail within the Pecos River Canyon, is the Village of Pecos, New Mexico.
Bernal, New Mexico – Sitting in the shadow of Starvation Peak, Bernal, got its start in 1794 and was later located along the Santa Fe Trail and Route 66 (pre-1937).
Tecolote, New Mexico – Located on the Santa Fe Trail and the old pre-1937 alignment of Route 66 in New Mexico, Tecolote is a village located next to Tecolote Creek.
Romeroville, New Mexico – End of the Ozark Trail – The old village of Romeroville, New Mexico was situated on the Santa Fe Trail, the Ozark Trail Highway and the pre-1937 alignment of Route 66.
Dilia, New Mexico on Route 66 – Thirty-four miles northwest of Santa Rosa, New Mexico is the near ghost town of Dilia on Route 66 (pre-1937)
Rio Puerco Bridge, New Mexico – Heading west out of Albuquerque, New Mexico on Route 66, travelers can enjoy a scenic descent into the Rio Puerco Valley to the Rio Puerco Bridge.
Route 66 Pre-1937 Alignment in New Mexico – Route 66 in New Mexico originally went through Santa Fe but in 1937 it was re-aligned in a more direct route.
Mad Gassers of Virginia & Illinois – In the 1930s and 40s, there were accounts of a “Mad Gasser” operating in two locations – Virginia and Illinois. Was it hysteria, or something more sinister?
July Newsletter – Latest from our world, specials in our General Store and Photo Print Shop, what’s popular on our social media pages, another from our earliest days on the web, and much more!
Lizzie Borden – Killer of Fall River, Massachusetts? – Lizzie Borden, the only suspect in the ax murders of Andrew and Abby Borden, in 1892, was arrested, tried, and acquitted in Fall River, Massachusetts.
Mad Ann Bailey – Scout & Indian Fighter – Ann Hennis Trotter Bailey, better known as “Mad Ann”, was a scout, spy, and Indian fighter during the colonial Indian Wars and the American Revolution.
Mary Donoho – Mary Dodson Donoho, the 25-year-old wife of trader William Donoho, was the first American woman to arrive in Santa Fe, New Mexico over the Santa Fe Trail.
Comancheros of the Llano Estacado – The Comancheros were an ethnically mixed group of New Mexican traders who made their living by trading with the Comanche, Kiowa, and other Plains tribes.
Americana on Auction with Barnebys – Swedish online auction platform Barnebys has an enormous selection from the american market on their US website. From Americana to Andy Warhol. (sponsored article)
Hardscrabble, Colorado – In 1844 three traders from El Pueblo, George Simpson, Joseph Doyle, and Alexander Barclay established Hardscrabble, Colorado.
Joseph Doyle – Colorado Trader and Politician – Joseph Bainbridge Doyle was a trapper, Indian trader, businessman, and Colorado pioneer and politician.
Mathew Kinkead – Colorado Trader to Wealthy Californian – Mathew Kinkead was a merchant, trader, rancher in New Mexico and Colorado, before following the California Goldrush.
Fort Pueblo, Colorado – El Pueblo, Colorado was a trading post established by George Simpson and Robert Fisher at the present-day site of Pueblo, Colorado.
Barclay’s Fort, New Mexico – In 1848 Alexander Barclay and Joseph Doyle built Fort Barclay on the Santa Fe Trail near Watrous, New Mexico.
George S. Simpson – George S. Simpson was a trapper, trader, adventurer, farmer, and rancher primarily in Colorado.
Fort LeDuc, Colorado – Fort LeDuc was built by French-Canadian trappers in the early 1830s about nine miles south of Florence, Colorado.
James Bowie – James “Jim” Bowie was a frontiersman, explorer, and pioneer, who fought in the Texas Revolution, resulting in his death at the Battle of the Alamo.
John “Grizzly” Adams – Adams was a professional hunter of grizzly bears who became well-known after his involvement in P.T. Barnum’s Circus.
William Craig – William Craig was a frontiersman and trapper from West Virginia who headed west and spent time in Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, and the Pacific Northwest.
James Aird – A Scottish fur trader, James Aird spent nearly 40 years among the Dakota Sioux in Iowa and Minnesota becoming a fur trader at Mackinac and Prairie du Chien.
Pierre Chouteau, Jr. – Merchant and Fur Trader – Pierre Chouteau, Jr. was an American merchant & trader who grew up to run a powerful trading company that monopolized trade along the upper Missouri River.
Bent, St. Vrain & Company – Bent, St. Vrain & Company was a fur trading company that operated in Colorado and Texas between 1830 and 1849.
Fort Jackson, Colorado – In the summer of 1837, traders Henry Fraeb and Peter Sarpy arrived at the South Platte River in Weld County, Colorado and built Fort Jackson.
Fort Davy Crockett, Colorado – In 1837 three fur trappers, Prewett Sinclair, Philip Thompson, and William Craig, formed a partnership and built Fort Davy Crockett.
Jean “John” Baptiste Richard – Jean ‘John’ Baptiste Richard, Sr. was a trapper, trader, interpreter, and entrepreneur, who managed several trading posts in the west and built bridges.
Fort Bernard, Wyoming – Fort Bernard, Wyoming was a small trading post located along the Oregon Trail about eight miles southeast of Fort John (which later became Fort Laramie).
Fort Lupton, Colorado – Fort Lupton, also called Fort Lancaster, was a trading post established in 1836 by Lancaster P. Lupton in Weld County, Colorado.
Wagon Mound Massacre, New Mexico – Occurring near Wagon Mound, New Mexico a group of ten men traveling with the Mail Express were attacked and killed in May, 1850.
Witch Hunts in Connecticut – While not as famous as the Salem, Massachusetts witch trials of 1692, witch hunts in Connecticut began decades earlier in 1647 and lasted until 1697.
June Newsletter – Legends of America turns 15 years old. We take a look back at some of our earliest articles from 2003, along with 15th Anniversary specials.
Hannah Dustin’s Revenge – The story of Hannah Duston’s kidnapping by Natives in the 1600’s, and her vicious escape, resulted in the first American Woman to be honored with a statue.
Fort Robinson Massacre, Nebraska – The military massacre of Chief Dull Knifes’ Northern Cheyenne at Fort Robinson evoked sympathy, despite the tribes atrocities in Kansas just months before.
Manuelito – A principal Navajo war chief, Manuelito and his followers were the last of the Navajo tribe to be forced onto a reservation.
Edward “Ned” Wilkerson Bushyhead – Edward “Ned” Wilkerson Bushyhead was a Cherokee miner, publisher, and lawman who traveled along the Trail of Tears to Oklahoma as a child.
Caddo Tribe – The Caddo Nation is a confederacy of several Native American tribes who inhabited much of what is now East Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, and Oklahoma.
Algonquian Peoples – One of the most populous and widespread Native American groups, Algonquian tribes consist of peoples that speak Algonquian languages and historically shared cultural similarities.
Fort Ellis, Montana – Fort Ellis, Montana was a United States Army fort established on August 27, 1867, east of present-day Bozeman, Montana.
Camp Cooke, Montana – In July 1866 the U.S. Army established Camp Cooke on the Missouri River, just upstream from the mouth of the Judith River in Montana.
Fort Claggett, Montana – After Camp Cooke was established, trader Thomas C. Power built a small trading post near the camp to supply goods and services to the soldiers.
Gros Ventre Tribe of Montana – The Gros Ventre and the Arapaho were once part of the same large tribe who lived in the western Great Lakes region 3000 years ago.
Eyeish Tribe of Texas – The Eyeish were a tribe of the Caddo Confederacy but spoke a different dialect, now extinct, that was different from the dialects of the other Caddo tribes.
Esselen Tribe of California – The Esselen were a tribe of Californian Indians who are indigenous to the Santa Lucia Mountains of the region now known as Big Sur in Monterey County, CA
Rayado, New Mexico – Located about 10 miles south of Cimarron, New Mexico on Highway 21, Rayado was founded by Lucien B. Maxwell in 1848 at the end of the Mexican-American War.
Jim Baker – One of the most colorful figures of the Old West, Jim Baker worked as a trapper, scout, explorer, guide, soldier, rancher, and a mine owner during his life.
Alexander Culbertson – Fur trader and diplomat, Alexander Culbertson was born at Chambersburg, Pennsylvania n May 20, 1809.
Robert Campbell – Frontiersman, fur trader, merchant and Indian Commissioner, Robert Campbell was born in Ireland on February 4, 1804.
James Kipp – Long Time Fur Trader – James Kipp VI was born on March 15, 1788 near Montreal and would play a role in the establishment of a couple of forts for the Columbia Fur Trading Company.
Joseph Lafayette Meek – Joseph Lafayette “Joe” Meek was a trapper, trader, pioneer, lawman, and politician who was important during the establishment of Oregon Territory.
Joshua Pilcher – Joshua Pilcher was a trapper, trader, and Indian agent, who was born in Culpeper County, Virginia on March 15, 1790.
“Old Bill” Williams – William Sherley Williams, better known as “Old Bill”, was a Mountain Man, explorer, army scout, and frontiersman.
Joaquin Antoine Leroux – Joaquin Antoine Leroux, also known as Watkins Leroux, was a celebrated 19th-century mountain man, scout, and trail guide based in New Mexico.
Cayuse Tribe of Washington and Oregon – Of the Waiilatpuan language stock, the Cayuse tribe was originally located in northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington state.
Chief Powhatan – Wahunsunacawh – Chief Powhatan, known as Wahunsunacawh to his tribe, was the chief ruler of the Powhatan Confederacy.
Chief Bowl – Cherokee Leader in Texas – Known to his tribe as Diwal’li, Chief Bowl would work to secure land in Texas before being struck down at the battle of Neches.
Crystal City, North Dakota Ghost Town – Located along I-94 about 7.5 miles east of Tappen is the once thriving town of Crystal Springs, North Dakota, which is now a ghost town.
Arena, North Dakota Ghost Town – A complete ghost town today, with no residents, Arena North Dakota is located in Burleigh County, about 35 miles northeast of Bismarck.
Francois Xavier Aubry – Skimmer of the Plains – Francois Xavier Aubry was a French Canadian merchant, wagon train captain, and explorer of the American Southwest.
Aubry Cut-off of the Santa Fe Trail – Francois Xavier Aubry was constantly searched along the Santa Fe Trail when he blazed the Aubry Cutoff
The White Massacre on the Santa Fe Trail in New Mexico -The White Massacre occurred in northeastern New Mexico in October 1849 when the Jicarilla Apache attacked a wagon train near the Point of Rocks, New Mexico.
Taos, New Mexico Revolt – The Taos Revolt was an insurrection in January 1847 by Hispano and Puebloan allies against the United States’ occupation of present-day northern New Mexico.
The Tiguex War of New Mexico – “During Coronado’s Expedition he and his men invaded the villages of the Tiguex people living along the Rio Grande River.
The Mythical Seven Cities of Cíbola – Tales of unimaginable riches in the land north of Mexico fired the Spanish imagination ever since the Spanish arrival in the “New World”.
Francisco Vazquez de Coronado – Exploring the Southwest – Francisco Vazquez de Coronado led the Coronado Expedition from Mexico throughout the southwest up into Kansas.
Turley’s Mill at Arroyo Hondo, New Mexico – Turley’s Mill, a favorite stop for trappers and traders traveling along the Taos Trail, was established by Simeon Turley in about 1830.
Fort Union, New Mexico and the Mescalero Apache – After bolting from the Fort Sumner Reservation in 1865, the Mescalero Apache hid themselves in the Guadalupe and Sacramento Mountains of southern New Mexico
Kiowa & Comanche Fight the Troops at Fort Union, New Mexico – For the first 30 years of the Santa Fe Trail Kiowa and Comanche bands who roamed the Plains made travel on the trail a perilous undertaking.
Battle of the Pecos River, New Mexico – After the Mescalero Apache were placed on the Bosque Redondo Reservation near Fort Sumner, New Mexico, they were constantly raided by the Navajo.
New Mexico Indian Battles – Battles and Massacres of the Indian Wars in New Mexico.
Battle of Summit Springs, Colorado – The Battle of Summit Springs, on July 11, 1869, near Sterling, Colorado, broke for all time the power of the Cheyenne Dog Soldiers on the central Plains. It would later be depicted in Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show.
Meeker Massacre in Colorado – The Meeker Massacre was one of the most violent expressions of Indian resentment against the reservation system.
Battle of Milk Creek, Colorado – On September 29, 1879, the same day that the Meeker Massacre occurred, the Battle of Milk Creek was fought between Ute Indians and soldiers.
The Ute War in Colorado – After Fort Union, New Mexico soldiers route the Apache in 1854, they went after the Ute tribe.
Apache War in New Mexico – The Jicarilla Apache roamed over much of northern New Mexico and in 1854 violence broke out between them and the U.S. Army.
Alexander Barclay – British Trader on the Santa Fe Trail – Born in London, Alexander Barclay would become a trader in the American West and establish Barclay’s Fort along the Santa Fe Trail in New Mexico.
Zoar, Ohio Historic Village – The Village of Zoar, Ohio is a well-preserved early 19th-century communal village founded in 1817 by a group of German ‘Separatists’.
New Harmony, Indiana – Utopia in the Midwest – A historic town on the Wabash River in Posey County, Indiana, New Harmony was founded by the Harmony Society in 1814.
The Johnstown, Pennsylvania Flood of 1889 – The disastrous flooding Of Johnstown, Pennsylvania in 1869, killing over 2,000, was due to the poor maintenance of the South Fork Dam.
Hancock’s War on the Plains – General Winfield Hancock left Fort Leavenworth, Kansas early in March 1867 upon a campaign designed to bring the Indians into submission.
Battle of Crooked Creek, Kansas – Brevet Major Earl Van Dorn, in command of the Second Cavalry, was chasing the Comanche Indians when the Battle of Crooked Creek, Kansas occurred.
The Great Western Cattle Trail – The Great Western Cattle Trail was used during the 19th century for movement of cattle and horses to markets in eastern and northern states.
Early Exploration and the Fur Trade in Colorado – From the Spanish, to fur traders, the Bureau of Land Management writes about the early exploration and trade in the Colorado.
Early Trails of Colorado – Across Colorado’s prairies and mountains, layers of asphalt cover many of the paths first cut by the region’s indigenous peoples centuries ago.
Bob Dozier – Killed at the hands of Bass Reeves – Robert ‘Bob’ Dozier was a farmer turned outlaw who committed multiple crimes in Oklahoma before he was tracked down by Bass Reeves.
Jay Em, Wyoming – Barely Holding On – Jay Em is a ghost town in Wyoming that got its start along a watering hole on the old Texas Trail in Goshen County.
Jim Moore – Notable Pony Express Rider & Rancher – James “Jim” Alexander Moore was one of the first Pony Express riders hired in the St. Joseph, Missouri division and later became an influential rancher.”
Julesburg, Colorado – Wicked in the West – The sleepy agricultural town of Julesburg, Colorado wasn't always quiet. In fact, at one time, it was referred to as “The Wickedest City in the West.”
Battle of Julesburg, Colorado – Following the massacre of Native Americans at Sand Creek, a number of Colorado and Kansas tribes began to intensify hostilities. Julesburg would be a target.
Cherokee Trail – An Alternate Route to the West – The Cherokee Trail was an overland trail through Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana that was used from the late 1840s up to the 1890s.
May Newsletter – A salute to the Great Migration, May 22, 1843, a Wyoming adventure, history of National Cemeteries and Memorial day, latest from our world and a sneak peak at Anniversary Specials.
Code Young – Cowboy Outlaw – Hailing from Texas, Code Young was working as a cowboy near Roswell, New Mexico before becoming a member of the High Fives Gang.
George West Musgrave – All-Around Bad Man – An outlaw member of the High Fives Gang, Musgrave, a cheerful and soft-spoken man, was a cattle rustler, robber, and killer.
Bob Hayes- Riding With the High Fives Gang – Bob Hayes, aka: Sam Hassell, John West was an outlaw, he began his criminal career as a horse thief before becoming a member of the High Fives Gang.
Will “Black Jack” Christian – Leading the High Fives Gang – Will “Black Jack” Christian was the leader of a gang of robbers called the High Fives Gang, committing crimes in Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Arizona.
Jules Beni – Corruption and Violence in Old Julesburg, Colorado – Jules Beni (sometimes referred to as Jules Reni) was a western outlaw who was the corrupt manager of the Central Overland, California & Pike’s Peak Express.
Oregon-California Trail Facts – Dozens of facts about the overland trails to the west coast.
Crime and Punishment on the Overland Trails – Given the extremes which tested overland trail emigrants to their limits, the evidence of crime among the travelers was low, but it did happen.
Indians and Emigrants on the Overland Trails – Contrary to Hollywood depictions and popular myths that portray the natives in a negative light as savages, the historical record presents a different story.
Oregon-California Trail Timeline – For 25 years, as many as 500,000 people traveled the overland trails to Oregon, California, and Utah. Here’s a timeline that looks at events leading up to and through the migration.
Ephraim Brown – Murdered on the Oregon Trail – Missouri pioneer, Ephraim James Brown, is the only man who was murdered on the Oregon Trail whose grave remains with a known location.
Why a Trail to Oregon? – All explorers, nearly all pioneers, and certainly all the fur traders who headed to the American West belonged to a restless breed. Excerpted from The Oregon Trail; the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean, Federal Writers Project, 1939.
Hall Jackson Kelley – Promoting the Oregon Trail – Hall Jackson Kelley was writer and teacher from New England who was known for his strong advocacy for western settlement of the Oregon Country in the 1830s.
Disease and Death on the Overland Trails – Healthcare in the frontier was an imperfect science in the mid-19th century, and mortality rates were lamentably high.
Danger and Hardship on the Oregon Trail – Though much of written history looks at the 2,000-mile Oregon Trail as romantic, almost one in ten who embarked on the trail would not survive.
Idaho City, Idaho – Queen of the Boise Basin – Idaho City, Idaho was once bustling with miners living in the largest town between St. Louis and San Francisco.
Sumner Pinkham – Dead at the Hands of a Gunfighter – Sumner Pinkham, who was the first sheriff of Boise County, Idaho was killed by gunfighter Ferd Patterson in 1865.
Ferd Patterson – Living and Dying by the Gun – Ferdinand “Ferd” J. Patterson was a “dandy” gambler, gunfighter, and outright killer who made the rounds of California, Idaho, and Oregon, and Washington.”
Sailor’s Diggings & the Triskitt Gang’s Lost Loot – The bustling miners camp of Sailors’ Diggings, Oregon was visited by the murderous Triskett Gang, who were said to have left behind their stolen loot. Today there’s nothing left of the town that was once the county seat.
Utter-Van Ornum Massacre – In 1860 one of the worst massacres along the Oregon Trail took place in Idaho involving a wagon train of 44 people who would be attacked by Indians.
Sager Orphans on the Oregon Trail – The Sager family traveled the Oregon Trail in 1844. The children were orphaned and would suffer more tragedy before their ordeal was complete.
April Newsletter – The latest from our world includes a hat tip to our Texas friend, some campfire goodies, popular stories of the last month on our social media and much more.
Mormon Handcart Tragedy of 1856 – The Mormon handcart pioneers were participants in the migration of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to Salt Lake City, Utah. In 1856, over 200 would perish on their journey.
Henry Hudson – An English explorer, Hudson is best known for his explorations of present-day Canada and parts of the northeastern United States.
March Newsletter – We’re back on TV… well, any streaming device really.. and Arizona Ghostriders has some fun with words using Legends of America. That and Women’s History Month in the latest from our world.
Massacre in Michigan – The Bath School Disaster – Still the deadliest attack on a U.S. School, the Bath School Disaster resulted in the deaths of 44, mainly children, in a small Michigan village in 1927.
February Newsletter – Our latest newsletter includes a salute to Black History Month, a cool ghost town in New Mexico, Presidential Trivia and more!
Tales of the Shotgun-Messenger Service – What was once lost is new again! Kathy added this great story written by Wyatt Earp years ago, but apparently it was never linked to from other pages, and probably never viewed. So it’s new right? Wyatt tells of the Wells Fargo Shotgun-Messenger Service in this piece he wrote in 1896.
January Newsletter – The latest from our world, featured stories and more.
To see what else you might have missed, check out our archive of newsletters here.