country through which the Union Pacific Railroad was built was the hunting
grounds of the
Bannock, Snake and
the first three on the plains and the others to the west. These were among the
most warlike tribes of the West, and during the construction of the road they
were the occasion of serious trouble, not to speak of the annoyance and delay as
well as the extra expense occasioned.
following summarizes the conditions existing on the plains during the time the
road was under construction.
During the summer of 1864, the
whole line of the Overland Stage from
to Salt Lake City, was subject to
depredations, so much so, that
Holladay, its proprietor, asked the Government for five
soldiers at each of the stage stations,
and two to accompany each coach. Without these, he stated, he would discontinue
The year 1865 was known as "The
Bloody Year on the Plains," and its history is one constant account of attacks,
skirmishes, depredations and murders by the Indians.
Notwithstanding the Peace
Laramie in May, the year 1866, was not
much better and the relations between the whites and the
were kept at a fighting point, culminating in the massacre by the Indians