Ingalls Gunfight With the Doolin Gang
Though more furious and more deadly than the
Gunfight at the O.K. Corral in
shoot-out between the
U.S. Deputy Marshals is not
nearly as well known.
One of the many hide-outs used by the Doolin-Dalton
in the early 1890s was the small community of Ingalls, Oklahoma.
Unfortunately, this small town was a haven for numerous
as residents tolerated them for their free-spending ways and the bad men
behaved themselves in order to safeguard their hideout.
In August, 1893, several members of the outlaw
Bill Dalton, George
"Red Buck” Weightman,
George "Bitter Creek" Newcomb,
"Arkansas Tom" Jones,
"Tulsa Jack" Blake, and
"Dynamite Dick" Clifton, were
taking refuge in the small town, most of them having been in town for
weeks living at the city hotel and spending their time at the
got word of their location, Marshal, Evett Dumas "E.D."
Nix formed a posse of some 27 deputy marshals and Indian Police and headed
towards Ingalls. Camping out along a creek the night before, they were
seen by a young boy, who the deputies held over night. However, the boy
slipped away early the next morning and ran into Ingalls, telling the
outlaws, "The marshals are coming."
boy's warning gave the outlaws time to saddle their horses at the
livery stable, but rather than making a run for it, they chose to
return to their poker game at the
On the morning of September 1,
1893 the posse crept into town while the outlaws were drinking and
gambling in the saloon. When Newcomb
stepped out of the saloon and got on to his horse, he was fired upon by
one of the officers. However, "Arkansas Tom" Jones, who was sick in bed at
the O.K. Hotel, returned the fire from his second story window, mortally
wounding U.S. Deputy Marshal Thomas Hueston, who would die the next day. After
firing just a couple of rounds, Newcomb was wounded, but was able to
Within seconds a full-out gunfight
erupted with the outlaws shooting their way from the saloon to
livery stable. Fugitives, Red Buck,
Bill Dalton, and
"Tulsa Jack" Blake then mounted their horses and came out of the stable with their guns
Deputy Lafeyette Shadley shot at
Bill Dalton, the lawman
instead hit the outlaw’s horse, toppling Dalton to the ground. Dalton
returned the fire, hitting
who would die two days later. In the meantime, Bill Doolin, shot and killed Deputy Marshal Richard Speed.
Dan "Dynamite Dick" Clifton and Charlie Pierce
were also hit and wounded, but both were still able to ride.
except "Arkansas Tom" Jones, who was
trapped in the hotel room when Deputy Marshal Jim Masterson
threatened to throw
dynamite into his hiding place. Though there was talk of
Arkansas Tom Jones being lynched,
he was later sent to federal prison in Guthrie, Oklahoma
In the shooting
an innocent bystander named Young Simmons was also killed when he tried to
take cover inside Vaughn's Saloon. Another citizen, known only as Old Man
Ramson was also hit in the leg but survived. Also wounded was the saloon
bartender, a Mr. Murray, who obviously an ally of the outlaw gang, fired
on the deputies from his front doorway. He was shot in the ribs and the
arm, arrested and sent to prison. Two years after his release, Murray
would pursue damages against the government for his injuries, but lost his
case due to
U.S. Marshal Nix’ testimony defending his deputy marshals actions.
In the end, the outlaws won
the battle but lost the war, as eventually, every member of the gang who
had escaped from the Ingalls gunfight would be killed, most by U.S. Deputy
The small community of Ingalls, Oklahoma,
located about halfway between Stillwater and Yale, Oklahoma, is
no longer shown on state highway maps. Only a few deserted buildings,
stone foundations, and a stone memorial mark the site of the famous
gunfight. Settled after the land rush of 1889 into the "Unassigned Lands"
between the Chickasaw Nation to the south and the Cherokee Outlet to the
north, Ingalls was a thriving community of 150 people in the 1890's;
however, by 1907 the post office was closed. The site is located about 9
miles east of Stillwater, Okalahoma, and 1 mile south at Ingalls Road.
U.S. Marshal, Evett Dumas "E.D." Nix' account of the battle, as
written in a letter to Attorney General Judson Harmon on July 30, 1895:
"One George Ransom owned a saloon in the town of Ingalls
and this man Murray worked for him as bar tender. The outlaws
Bill Doolin "Bitter Creek," "Tulsa Jack," "Dynamite Dick,"Red Buck," Tom Jones and numerous others
made this saloon their headquarters, and Ransom, Murray and other citizens
catered to their trade, carried them news of the movements of the
furnished them with ammunition, cared for their horses, permitted them
to eat at their tables and sleep in their beds. These facts
were well known to the community, although a conviction on the charge of
harboring or aiding and abetting criminals against the laws of the United
States could never be sustained, by reason of the fact that the entire
community was under duress and would not testify for fear of losing their
lives and property.
On the 1st day of September, 1893 a party of
U.S. Deputy Marshals who had been sent after these
outlaws by me, arrived in the
vicinity of Ingalls, and the outlaws mentioned herein, were at the time in
the town and in the saloon of Ransom, where this man Murray worked. As
usual the outlaws had received notice of the proximity of the deputies and
they sent a messenger to the deputies inviting them to come into the town
if they thought they, the deputies, could take them. The deputies accepted
the invitation and after posting their forces, sent a messenger to the
outlaws with a request to surrender and were answered with Winchester
shots. "Bitter Creek" ran out of the saloon in question and fired one shot
towards the north where some of the deputies were stationed, and turning,
received the fire of the deputies which burst the magazine of his
Winchester and wounded him in the thigh. In the meantime, a heavy fire was
directed at the deputies by the balance of the outlaws from the saloon
building and the fire was returned by the deputies which literally riddled
the saloon. A horse was killed by the deputies which was tied in front of
the saloon .... The fire of the deputies becoming too hot for the outlaws,
they escaped out of a side door and took refuge in a large stable
mentioned. This man Murray came to the front door of the saloon either
just before the outlaws left the building or just after, it is known
which. However, when he first appeared in the doorway, he had the door
open just a short distance and had his Winchester to his shoulder in the
act of firing. This was previous to the deputies becoming aware of the
fact of the outlaws having left the building. Three of the deputies seeing
him in the position he was in, fired at him simultaneously. Two shots
struck him in the ribs and one broke his arm in two places.
"Arkansas Tom" Jones was sick in bed at the Ingalls O.K. Hotel, but shot from the
window, wounding U.S. Deputy Marshal
who would die the next day. July, 2008, Kathy Weiser.
Image available for
photographic prints and downloads
Eight or ten horses were killed and nine persons killed
and wounded. One deputy was killed outright at the first fire and two more
died the next day. Three
outlaws were wounded and one captured. The one
captured was afterwards sentenced to fifty years in the penitentiary and
is now serving his time.
Very respectfully, E.D. Nix U.S. Marshal"
of America, updated April, 2017.
Legends' General Store
- Reward (Personalized with name) mini poster. Custom designed
poster made specifically for Legends' General Store and Legends of
America. You cannot find these anywhere else. Printed on semi-glossy, 48
lb paper and measures 11" x 17". Personalize this wanted Poster with up to
Made in the USA!