Ralston/Shakespeare – Born Again and Again

General Merchandise Store, Shakespeare, NM

This historic General Merchandise Store, which served as Janaloo Hill and Manny Hough’s home was burned in a fire in 1997.

The ghost town is privately owned and can only be toured one weekend during each month or by appointment. Several times a year, living history re-enactments are held at the historic site.

A small admission charge is required for tours, which goes to the building fund to reconstruct the General Merchandise Store.

Memberships to the Friends of Shakespeare can also be purchased which provides for free tours, a newsletter, and other benefits. These funds are also utilized for the preservation of this great historic settlement. To help Shakespeare stay alive, memberships can be gained by clicking HERE.

Shakespeare is located about three miles south of Lordsburg, New Mexico.

For more information:

Shakespeare Ghost Town
P.O. Box 253
Lordsburg, New Mexico 88045

© Kathy Weiser-Dave Alexander/Legends of America, updated October 2015.

Clarification of Shakespeare as related to the Butterfield Trail, by Gerald T. Ahnert

Shakespeare, New Mexico

Shakespeare, New Mexico. Click for prints & products.

Primary source references for Ralston/Shakespeare show that when it was called Ralston, during its “Old West” period, was approximately from 1870 to 1879. Sometime around 1879, the name was changed to Shakespeare. “Dr. Myra Ellen Jenkins, New Mexico State Historian, says that there is no documentation to be found to prove there was a settlement here before the Civil War.” Ref: New Mexico Magazine, New Mexico Department of Development, 1974.

Human habitation of the site, other than Native American, starts from approximately 1870. An early reference was in the Democratic Enquirer, McArthur, Ohio, February 1, 1871:

“Glowing accounts are given of the richness of the new silver mines lately opened near Ralston, New Mexico. The average yield of the ore is said to be $2,282 per ton.”

By the statement “…new silver mines lately opened…” the discovery of the mines may have taken place about 1870.

In 1876 Lieutenant Philip Reade, the project leader for constructing telegraph lines along the Southern Overland Trail proposed that the line be constructed through Ralston. This gives an indication that, although the old Butterfield Trail was two miles north of Ralston, that the town was important enough to adjust the trail southward to pass through Ralston. (Ref: Arizona Citizen, Tucson, September 2, 1876). A later article in the same newspaper dated August 25, 1877, tells of the telegraph rates and that the line is now going through Ralston.

In the Arizona Sentinel, Yuma, Arizona Territory, May 23, 1874, appeared the following:

New Mail Contractors. Kerens & Mitchell of Fort Smith, Arkansas, have newly established a stage line from between Mesilla, New Mexico, and San Diego, California.”

An article just below the above states:

The Old Mail Contractors. The old mail contractors for carrying the mails between San Diego and Mesilla will soon retire and give place for the new [Kerens & Mitchell]…”

“The Old Mail Contractors” that the article eludes to is probably the stage line of Sanderson, Barlow & Co. In the Arizona Miner, Prescott, Arizona Territory, May 18, 1867, was the article “Mail at Last.” It tells of stage lines finally returning to the “…old Southern, or Butterfield, overland,…,” although some local stage services had been restored shortly after the Civil War ended. It is probable that Sanderson, Barlow & Co. made the slight adjustment the two miles south of the old Butterfield Trail to accommodate the new Ralston about 1870 or shortly after.

Shakespeare Mail Station

Shakespeare Mail Station. Click for prints & products.

Although the many primary source references for Butterfield’s Overland Mail Company, 1858-1861, and those that predate that time, do not show the Southern Overland Trail going through the Ralston townsite, there are secondary references that elude to the Butterfield tail going through the townsite. Contemporary accounts state that there was a Butterfield stage station there even though none is listed in government reports by the Postmaster General in Senate documents for that time.

A contemporary account was given by Janaloo Hill-Hough and her husband Manny Hough. Janaloo has passed on, but Manny and his group give tours of the townsite. The only contemporary account of a Butterfield station in Ralston comes from a story passed down to them by way of Emma Mable Muir who was told this by an old timer by the name of John Evensen. The Hough’s have stated that what they were told was that Evensen was hired by the stage line of Kerens & Mitchell in 1865 to reopen the old Butterfield station for the line. According to the article in the Arizona Sentinel, Yuma, Arizona Territory, May 23, 1874, titled “The New Mail Contractors.” Kerens & Mitchell were stocking the trail between Mesilla and San Diego and would open the line for service in July 1874. This is nine years after the time that was related to the Houghs.

The story passed down to them was published by Janaloo Hill-Hough in her brochure The Butterfield Overland Trail Through Hidalgo County. Unfortunately, the account is based only on local lore and not primary source references, as she states the Butterfield records were destroyed in the San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1905. This could not have happened since Butterfield’s Overland Mail Company office was not in San Francisco but in New York City. Some records from the company office have been preserved including minutes of the meetings. In almost every way this was a “New York State” line, as John Butterfield was from Utica, New York, and almost all the stagecoach drivers were from Upstate New York. Even the architect of the Butterfield Trail was Marquis L. Kenyon of Rome, New York.

At Legends’ General Store

Historian George Hackler in his book The Butterfield Trail in New Mexico gives a more complete accounting of Janaloo Hill-Hough and Manny Hough’s history of Shakespeare. Hackler’s correct conclusion concerning the handed down story is “There is no direct evidence to support a station at Mexican Springs.” The handed down account states that the name used for the area before Ralston existed was Mexican Springs.

For those who wish to have a more detailed accounting of the history of the Southern Overland Trail and the Butterfield Trail:

Goddard Bailey was assigned the task by Postmaster General Brown to take the first Butterfield Overland Mail Company stage leaving San Francisco and inspect the line to make sure it was meeting the government mail contract specifications. He lists all the stations. His report is titled “Report of the Postmaster General” and was published in House of Representatives, Ex. Doc. No. 2, 35th Congress, 2d Session, 1858.

Ormsby, Waterman L. The Butterfield Overland Mail, The Huntington Library, San Marino, CA, 1991. From the Introduction, pvii, is the following: “The best narrative consists of a series of eight articles by Waterman L. Ormsby, published in six numbers of the New York Herald at intervals from September 26 to November 19, 1858. Ormsby, a special correspondent of the Herald, was the only through passenger on the first westbound stage.”

The Overland Mail Company contract:
The Report of the Postmaster General, Senate, 35th Congress, 2d Session, Ex. Doc. No. 48, pp. 7-10.
This government report, with maps, was based on Leach’s improvements through Arizona in September 1858 just as the first Butterfield stages were going through Arizona. His maps show the Butterfield Trail. James B. Leach, “REPORT UPON THE PACIFIC WAGON ROADS, CONSTRUCTED Under the direction of the Hon. Jacob Thompson, Secretary of the Interior, in 1857-’58-’59, El Paso to Yuma Wagon Road,” The Executive Documents, Second Session, Thirty-Fifty Congress, 1858-’59, pp. 9-11, 74-97. (Includes two maps).

Another major reference which contains California Column reconnaissance of the trail:
War of the Rebellion, Vol. L, Part I, “Operations on the Pacific Coast, Washington, 1897
“San Antonio and San Diego Route,” The Senate of the United States, Second Session, Thirty-Fifth Congress, 1858-’59, Washington, 1859, p. 744.

At Legends’ Photo Print Shop.

©Gerald T. Ahnert, for Legends of America, October 2015.

Also See:

New Mexico (Main Page)

New Mexico Ghost Towns and Mining Camps

New Mexico Ghost Towns Photo Gallery 

Apache Indian Tribe

William Tattenbaum


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