Also See: Native American Heroes & Leaders
Dr. Charles Alexander Eastman, aka: Ohiyesa (1858-1939) – Santee Sioux author, physician, and reformer. He was active in politics and helped found the Boy Scouts of America.
Ganado Mucho (1809-1893) – A prominent Navajo Leader, his name means “many cattle.” He was born into the Tótsohnii (Big Water) Clan of the Navajo and grew up to be a successful cattle grower and sheepman. He diligently worked with other Navajo leaders, such as Manuelito to keep the peace with the white settlers. When the Navajos attacked Fort Defiance, Arizona in 1859 Ganada Mucho did not participate, counseling peace. In February 1861, he attended a council with Colonel Canby, who was commanding new Mexico, to attempt peace negotiations but no settlement was come to. Four years later, he led his people on the trek from their homeland to the Bosque Redondo Reserve at Fort Sumner, New Mexico. The reserve; however, was a disaster and in 1868, he led his people back to their homelands in northeastern Arizona. He spent the rest of his life promoting fairness for his tribe and died at his home near Kagetoh, Arizona in 1893.
Glikhikan (17??-1782) – A Delaware warrior and orator, he at first, rejected Christianity, often challenging priests to debates. In the end, he was converted and went to live with the United Brethren. In the Revolutionary War, his diplomacy saved the Christian settlements from destruction at the hands of the Seneca Indians in 1777. However, Half-King later captured him but he was later released. He was later scalped and murdered at the Gnaden-Huetten Mission on March 8, 1782, by the white men under Colonel David Williamson.
Going Snake – Cherokee Chief
Captain James Hobbs (1819-1880) – Also known as Comanche Jim, Hobbs he was the Great-grandson of renowned Indian Chief, Tecumseh. Starting as a fur trader, he would later spend time with the likes of Kit Carson, before becoming a Texas Ranger and fighting in the Mexican-American and Civil Wars.
Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins (1841?-1891) – The first Native American woman known to secure a copyright and to publish in the English language. Her book, Life Among the Piutes: Their Wrongs and Claims, is an autobiographical account of her people during their first forty years of contact with explorers and settlers.
Chief Joseph (1840-1904) – Nez Perce Chief who resisted the forced removal of his band to a reservation in Idaho. For his principled resistance to the removal, he became renowned as a humanitarian and peacemaker.
Kaitchkona Winema, aka Toby Riddle (1848-1932) – A Modoc woman better known simply as Winema, she was an interpreter who played a significant role during the Modoc War of 1872-1873.
Kintpuash, aka: Captain Jack – (1840?-1873) – A Modoc subchief and warrior, Kientopoos was a leader in the Modoc War of (1872-73). After killing an unarmed General Edward Richard Canby at a peace negotiation meeting he was tracked down, captured and hanged in October 1873.
Chief Little Crow (1815-1863) – Sioux Chief who led the first major armed engagement between the U.S. and Dakota tribe.
Little Raven, aka: Hósa, “Young Crow ” (18??-1889) – Little Raven was an Arapaho chief and the first signer, for the Southern Arapaho, of the treaty of Fort Wise, Colorado February 1861. At a later period, he took part with the allied Arapaho and Cheyenne in the war along the Kansas border, but joined in the treaty of Medicine Lodge, Kansas, in 1867, by which these tribes agreed to go on a reservation. After agreeing to the treaty, his efforts were consistently directed toward keeping his people at peace with the government and leading them to civilization. Through his influence, most of the Arapaho remained at peace with the whites when their allies, the Cheyenne and Kiowa, went on the warpath in 1874-75. Little Raven died at Cantonment, Oklahoma in the winter of 1889, after having maintained for 20 years a reputation as the leader of the progressive element. He was succeeded by Nawat, “Left-hand.”
Lone Wolf (1820?-1879) – Known as Gul-Pah-Go to his tribe, Lone Wolf was a primary chief of the Kiowa tribe, who became violent after being forced on to a reservation.
George Lowrey – A cousin of Sequoya and second chief of the Eastern Cherokee under John Ross. A cousin of Sequoya and second chief of the Eastern Cherokee under John Ross, commonly known as Mayor Lowrey. His native name was Agin’agi`ll, “Rising-fawn.” He joined Ross in steadily opposing all attempts to force his people to move from their eastern lands, and later, after this had been accomplished, he was chief of the council of the Eastern Cherokee at the meeting held in 1839 to fuse the eastern and western divisions into the present Cherokee Nation.
Lozen, aka, “Dextrous Horse Thief” (1840-1887) – The sister of Apache Chief Victorio, Lozen was a skilled warrior and shaman. Her brother, Victorio is quoted as saying “Lozen is my right hand… strong as a man, braver than most, and cunning in strategy. Lozen is a shield to her people.”
Also See: Native American Heroes & Leaders