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Fort Laramie Treaty - Page 3

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Fort Laramie Treaty - Cheyenne and Sioux chiefs

Article 12

 

No treaty for the cession of any portion or part of the reservation herein described which may be held in common shall be of any validity or force as against the said Indians, unless executed and signed by at least three-fourths of all the adult male Indians, occupying or interested in the same; and no cession by the tribe shall be understood or construed in such manner as to deprive, without his consent, any individual member of the tribe of his rights to any tract of land selected by him, as provided in Article 6 of this treaty.

Article 13

 

The United States hereby agrees to furnish annually to the Indians the physician, teachers, carpenter, miller, engineer, farmer, and blacksmiths as herein contemplated, and that such appropriations shall be made from time to time, on the estimates of the Secretary of the Interior, as will be sufficient to employ such persons.

Article 14

 

It is agreed that the sum of five hundred dollars annually, for three years from date, shall be expended in presents to the ten persons of said tribe who in the judgment of the agent may grow the most valuable crops for the respective year.

Article 15

 

The Indians herein named agree that when the agency-house or other buildings shall be constructed on the reservation named, they will regard said reservation their permanent home, and they will make no permanent settlement elsewhere; but they shall have the right, subject to the conditions and modifications of this treaty, to hunt, as stipulated in Article 11 hereof.

Article 16

 

The United States hereby agrees and stipulates that the country north of the North Platte River and east of the summits of the Big Horn Mountains shall be held and considered to be unceded Indian territory, and also stipulates and agrees that no white person or persons shall be permitted to settle upon or occupy any portion of the same; or without the consent of the Indians first had and obtained, to pass through the same; and it is further agreed by the United States that within ninety days after the conclusion of peace with all the bands of the Sioux Nation, the military posts now established in the territory in this Article named shall be abandoned, and that the road leading to them and by them to the settlements in the Territory of Montana shall be closed.

Article 17

 

It is hereby expressly understood and agreed by and between the respective parties to this treaty that the execution of this treaty and its ratification by the United States Senate shall have the effect, and shall be construed as abrogating and annulling all treaties and agreements heretofore entered into between the respective parties hereto, so far as such treaties and agreements obligate the United States to furnish and provide money, clothing, or other Articles of property to such Indians and bands of Indians as become parties to this treaty, but no further.

In testimony of all which, we, the said commissioners, and we, the chiefs and headmen of the Brulé' band of the Sioux Nation, have hereunto set our hands and seals at Fort Laramie, Dakota Territory, this twenty-ninth day of April, in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-eight.

 

 

 

Ma-za-pon-kaska, Iron Shell 
Wah-pat-shah, Red Leaf 
Hah-sah-pah, Black Horn 
Chief Spotted TailZin-tah-gah-lat-skah, Spotted Tail 
Zin-tah-skah, White Tail 
Me-wah-tah-ne-ho-skah, Tall Mandas 
She-cha-chat-kah, Bad Left Hand 
No-mah-no-pah, Two and Two 
Tah-tonka-skah, White Bull 
Con-ra-washta, Pretty Coon 

Ha-cah-cah-she-chah, Bad Elk 
Wa-ha-ka-zah-ish-tah, Eye Lance 
Ma-to-ha-ke-tah, Bear that looks behind 
Bella-tonka-tonka, Big Partisan 
Mah-to-ho-honka, Swift Bear 
To-wis-ne, Cold Place 
Ish-tah-skah, White Eyes 
Ma-ta-loo-zah, Fast Bear 
As-hah-kah-nah-zhe, Standing Elk 
Can-te-te-ki-ya, The Brave Heart 
Shunka-shaton, Day Hawk 
Tatanka-wakon, his Sacred Bull 
Mapia shaton, Hawk Cloud 
Ma-sba-a-ow, Stands and Comes 
Shon-ka-ton-ka, Big Dog 

 

Attest:

Ashton S. H. White, Secretary of Commission
George B. Withs, Phonographer to Commission
Geo. H. Holtzman
John D. Howlana
James C. O'Connor
Chas. E. Guern, Interpreter
Leon F. Pallardy, Interpreter
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter

 

Executed on the part of the Ogallalah band of Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized, at Fort Laramie, the 25th day of May, 1868.

 

 

Old Man Afraid of His HorseTah-shun-ka-co-qui-pah, Old Man Afraid of His Horse 
Sha-ton-skah, White Hawk 
Sha-ton-sapah, Black Hawk 
E-ga-mon-ton-ka-sapah, Black Tiger 
Oh-wah-she-cha, Bad Wound 
Pah-gee, Grass 
Wah-non-reh-che-geh, Ghost Hear 
Con-reeh, Crow 
Oh-he-te-kah, The Brave 
Tah-ton-kah-he-yo-ta-kah, Sitting Bull 
Shon-ka-oh-wah-mon-ye, Whirlwind Dog 
Ha-hah-kah-tah-mieeh, Poor Elk 
Wam-bu-lee-wah-kon, Medicine Eagle 
Chon-gah-ma-he-to-hans-ka, High Wolf 
American Horse - Sioux ChiefWah-se-chun-ta-sbun-kah, American Horse 
Mah-hah-mah-ha-mak-near, Man that walks under the ground 
Mah-to-tow-pah, Four Bears 
Ma-to-wee-sha-kta, One that kills the bear 
Oh-tah-kee-toka-wee-chakta, One that kills in a hard place 
Tah-ton-kah-ta-mieeh, The Poor Bull 
Oh-huns-ee-ga-non-sken, Mad Shade 
Shah-ton-oh-nah-om-minne-ne-oh-minne, Whirling Hawk 
Mah-to-ehun-ka-oh, Bear's Back 
Che-ton-wee-koh, Fool Hawk 
Wah-hoh-ke-za-ah-hah, One that has the lance 
Shon-gah-manni-toh-tan-ka-seh, Big Wolf Foot 
Eh-ton-kah,  ,Big Mouth 
Ma-pah-che-tah, Bad Hand 
Wah-ke-yun-shah, Red Thunder 
Wak-sah, One that Cuts Off 
Cham-nom-qui-yah, One that Presents the Pipe 
Wah-ke-ke-yan-puh-tah, Fire Thunder 
Mah-to-nonk-pah-ze, Bear with Yellow Ears 
Con-ree-teh-ka, The Little Crow 
He-hup-pah-toh, The Blue War Club 
Shon-kee-toh, The Blue Horse 
Wam-Balla-oh-con-quo, Quick Eagle 
Ta-tonka-suppa, Black Bull 
Moh-to-ha-she-na, The Bear Hide 

Attest:

S. E. Ward
Jas. C. O'Connor
J. M. Sherwood
W. C. Slicer
Sam Deon
H. M. Matthews
Joseph Bissonette, Interpreter
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Lefroy Jott, Interpreter
Antoine Janis, Interpreter

Executed on the part of the Minneconjou band of Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

At Fort Laramie, Dakota Territory, May 26,18 68, 13 names.

Heh-won-ge-chat, One Horn 
Oh-pon-ah-tah-e-manne, The Elk that bellows Walking  

At Fort Laramie, Dakota Territory, May 25, 1868, 2 names

Heh-ho-lah-reh-cha-skah, Young White Bull 
Wah chah chum kah coh kee-pah, One that is afraid of Shield 
He-hon-ne-shakta, The Old Owl 
Moc-pe-a-toh, Blue Cloud 
Oh-pong-ge-le-skah, Spotted Elk 
Tah-tonk-ka-hon-ke-schne, Slow Bull 
Shonk-a-nee-shah-shah-a-tah-pe, The Dog Chief 
Ma-to-tah-ta-tonk-ka, Bull Bear 
Wom-beh-le-ton-kah, The Big Eagle 
Ma-toh-eh-schne-lah, The Lone Bear 
Mah-toh-ke-su-yah, The One who Remembers the Bear 
Ma-toh-oh-he-to-keh, The Brave Bear 
Eh-che-ma-heh, The Runner 
Ti-ki-ya, The Hard. He-ma-za, Iron Horn  

Attest:

Jas. C. O'Connor
Wm. H. Brown
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Antoine Janis, Interpreter

Executed on the part of the Yanctonais band of Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

Mah-to-non-pah, Two Bears 
Ma-to-hna-skin-ya, Mad Bear 
He-o-pu-za, Louzy 
Ah-ke-che-tah-che-ca-dan, Little Soldier 
Mah-to-e-tan-chan, Chief Bear 
Cu-wi-h-win, Rotten Stomach 
Skun-ka-we-tko, Fool Dog 
Ish-ta-sap-pah, Black Eye 
Ih-tan-chan, The Chief 
I-a-wi-ca-ka, The one who Tells the Truth 
Ah-ke-che-tah, The Soldier 
Ta-shi-na-gi, Yellow Robe 
Nah-pe-ton-ka, Big Hand 
Chan-tee-we-kto, Fool Heart 
Hoh-gan-sah-pa, Black Catfish 
Mah-to-wah-kan, Medicine Bear 
Shun-ka-kan-sha, Red Horse 
Wan-rode, The Eagle 
Can-hpi-sa-pa, Black Tomahawk 
War-he-le-re, Yellow Eagle 
Cha-ton-che-ca, Small Hawk, or Long Fare 
Shu-ger-mon-e-too-ha-ska, Tall Wolf 
Ma-to-u-tah-kah, Sitting Bear 
Hi-ha-cah-ge-na-skene, Mad Elk

 

Arapaho:


Little Chief
Tall Bear
Top Man
Neva
The Wounded Bear
Thirlwind
The Fox
The Dog Big Mouth
Spotted Wolf
Sorrel Horse
Black Coal
Big Wolf
Knock-knee
Black Crow
The Lone Old Man
Paul
Black Bull
Big Track
The Foot
Black White
Yellow Hair
Little Shield
Black Bear
Wolf Mocassin
Big Robe
Wolf Chief 

Witnesses:

Robert P. McKibbin, Captain Fourth Infantry, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, U. S. Army, commanding Fort Laramie
Wm. H. Powell, Brevet Major, Captain, Fourth Infantry
Henry W. Patterson, Captain, Fourth Infantry
Theo. E. True, Second Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry
W. G. Bullock
Chas. E. Guern, special Indian interpreter for the peace commission

Fort Laramie, Wg. T., Nov. 6, 1868

Chief Red CloudMakh-pi-ah-lu-tah, Red Cloud
Wa-ki-ah-we-cha-shah, Thunder Man 
Ma-zah-zah-geh, Iron Cane 
Wa-umble-why-wa-ka-tuyah, High Eagle 
Ko-ke-pah, Man Afraid 
Wa-ki-ah-wa-kou-ah, Thunder Flying Running  

Witnesses:

W. McE. Dye, Brevet Colonel, U. S. Army, commanding
A. B. Cain, Captain, Fourth Infantry, Brevet Major, U. S. Army
Robt. P. McKibbin, Captain, Fourth Infantry, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel, U. S. Army.
Jno. Miller, Captain, Fourth Infantry
G. L. Luhn, First Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry, Brevet Captain, U. S. Army
H. C. Sloan, Second Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry
Whittingham Cox, First Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry
A. W. Vogdes, First Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry
Butler D. Price, Second Lieutenant, Fourth Infantry

Headquarters, Fort Laramie, November 6, 1868.
Executed by the above on this date.


All of the Indians are Ogallalahs excepting Thunder Man and Thunder Flying Running, who are Brulés.

Wm. McE. Dye, Major Fourth Infantry, and Brevet-Colonel U. S. Army, Commanding

Attest:

Jas. C. O'Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P. J. De Smet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Saml. D. Hinman, B. D., Missionary.

Executed on the part of the Uncpapa band of the Sioux, by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto and duly authorized.

Co-dam-i-ya, The Man that Goes in the Middle 
Ma-to-ca-wa-weksa, Bear Rib 
Ta-to-ka-in-yan-ke, Running Antelope 
Kan-gi-wa-ki-ta, Looking Crow 
A-ki-ci-ta-han-ska, Long Soldier 
Wa-ku-te-ma-ni, The One who Shoots Walking 
Un-kca-ki-ka, The Magpie 
Kan-gi-o-ta, Plenty Crow 
Ha-ma-za, Iron Horn 
Shun-ka-i-na-pin, Wolf Necklace 
I-we-hi-yu, The Man who Bleeds from the Mouth 
He-ha-ka-pa, Elk Head 
I-zu-za, Grind Stone 
Shun-ka-wi-tko, Fool Dog 
Ma-kpi-ya-po, Blue Cloud 
Wa-mni-pi-lu-ta, Red Eagle 
Ma-to-can-te, Bear's Heart 
A-ki-ci-ta-i-tan-can, Chief Soldier  

Attest:

Jas. C. O'Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P. J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Saml. D. Hinman, Missionary

Executed on the part of the Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

Can-te-pe-ta, Fire Heart 
Wan-mdi-kte, The One who Kills Eagle 
Sho-ta, Smoke 
Wan-mdi-ma-ni, Walking Eagle 
Wa-shi-cun-ya-ta-pi, Chief White Man 
Kan-gi-i-yo-tan-ke, Sitting Crow 
Pe-ji, The Grass 
Kda-ma-ni, The One that Rattles as he Walks 
Wah-han-ka-sa-pa, Black Shield 
Can-te-non-pa, Two Hearts  

Attest:

Jas. C. O'Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P. J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Saml. D. Hinman, Missionary

Executed on the part of the Cutheads band of the Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

To-ka-in-yan-ka, The One who Goes Ahead Running. 
Ta-tan-ka-wa-kin-yan, Thunder Bull 
Sin-to-min-sa-pa, All Over Black 
Can-i-ca, The One who Took the Stick 
Pa-tan-ka, Big Head  

Attest:

Jas. C. O'Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P. J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Samuel D. Hinman, Missionary

Executed on the part of the Two Kettle band of the Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

Ma-wa-tan-ni-han-ska, Long Mandan 
Can-kpe-du-ta, Red War Club 
Can-ka-ga, The Log  

Attest:

Jas. C. O'Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P.J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Saml. D. Hinman, Missionary

Executed on the part of the Sans Arch band of the Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

He-na-pin-wa-ni-ca, The One that has Neither Horn 
Wa-inlu-pi-lu-ta, Red Plume 
Ci-tan-gi, Yellow Hawk 
He-na-pin-wa-ni-ca, No Horn  

Attest:

Jas. C. O'Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P. J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Samuel D. Hinman, Missionary

Executed on the part of the Santee band of the Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

Wa-pah-shaw, Red Ensig 
Wah-koo-tay, Shooter 
Hoo-sha-sha, Red Legs 
O-wan-cha-du-ta, Scarlet all over 
Wau-mace-tan-ka, Big Eagle 
Cho-tan-ka-e-na-pe, Flute-player 
Ta-shun-ke-mo-za, His Iron Dog  

Attest:

Saml. D. Hinman, Missionary
J. N. Chickering, Second Lieutenant, Twenty-second Infantry, Brevet Captain, U.S. Army.
P. J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter

 

Source: National Archives, updated December, 2015.

 

 

Also See:

 

Fort Laramie - Crossroads to the West

Sioux Indian Wars

Sioux Gallery

The Great Sioux Nation

 

Fort Laramie painting by Alfred Jacob Miller

Fort Laramie painting by Alfred Jacob Miller,

Walters Art Gallery.

 

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