Fort Laramie Treaty
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For each tract of land so selected a certificate, containing a description
thereof and the name of the person selecting it, with a certificate endorsed
thereon that the same has been recorded, shall be delivered to the party
entitled to it, by the agent, after the same shall have been recorded by him in
a book to be kept in his office, subject to inspection, which said book shall be
known as the "Sioux Land-Book."
The President may, at any time, order a survey of the reservation, and, when so
surveyed, Congress shall provide for protecting the rights of said settlers in
their improvements, and may fix the character of the title held by each. The
United States may pass such laws on the subject of alienation and descent of
property between the
Indians and their descendants as may be thought proper. And
it is further stipulated that any male Indians, over eighteen years of age, of
any band or tribe that is or shall hereafter become a party to this treaty, who
now is or who shall hereafter become a resident or occupant of any reservation
or Territory not included in the tract of country designated and described in
this treaty for the permanent home of the Indians, which is not mineral land,
nor reserved by the United States for special purposes other than Indian
occupation, and who shall have made improvements thereon of the value of two
hundred dollars or more, and continuously occupied the same as a homestead for
the term of three years, shall be entitled to receive from the United States a
patent for one hundred and sixty acres of land including his said improve-meats,
the same to be in the form of the legal subdivisions of the surveys of the
Upon application in writing, sustained by the proof of two
disinterested witnesses, made to the register of the local land-office when the
land sought to be entered is within a land district, and when the tract sought
to be entered is not in any land district, then upon said application and proof
being made to the Commissioner of the General Land Office, and the right of such
Indian or Indians to enter such tract or tracts of land shall accrue and be
perfect from the date of his first improvements thereon, and shall continue as
long as he continues his residence and improvements, and no longer'. And any
Indians receiving a patent for land under the foregoing provisions,
shall thereby and from thenceforth become and be a citizen of the United States,
and be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of such citizens, and
shall, at the same time, retain all his rights to benefits accruing to Indians
under this treaty.
In order to insure the civilization of the Indians
entering into this treaty, the necessity of education is admitted, especially of
such of them as are or may be settled on said agricultural reservations, and
they therefore pledge themselves to compel their children, male and female,
between the ages of six and sixteen years, to attend school; and it is hereby
made the duty of the agent for said Indians to see that this stipulation is
strictly complied with; and the United States agrees that for every thirty
children between said ages who can be induced or compelled to attend school, a
house shall be provided and a teacher competent to teach the elementary branches
of an English education shall be furnished, who will reside among said Indians,
and faithfully discharge his or her duties as a teacher. The provisions of this
Article to continue for not less than twenty years.
When the head of a family or lodge shall have
selected lands and received his certificate as above directed, and the agent
shall be satisfied that he intends in good faith to commence cultivating the
soil for a living, he shall be entitled to receive seeds and agricultural
implements for the first year, not exceeding in value one hundred dollars, and
for each succeeding year he shall continue to farm, for a period of three years
more, he shall be entitled to receive seeds and implements as aforesaid, not
exceeding in value twenty-five dollars.
And it is further stipulated that such persons as commence farming shall receive
instruction from the farmer herein provided for, and whenever more than one
hundred persons shall enter upon the cultivation of the soil, a second
blacksmith shall be provided, with such iron, steel, and other material as may
At any time after ten years from the making of this
treaty, the United States shall have the privilege of withdrawing the physician,
farmer, blacksmith, carpenter, engineer, and miller herein provided for, but in
case of such withdrawal, an additional sum thereafter of ten thousand dollars
per annum shall be devoted to the education of said Indians, and the
Commissioner of Indian Affairs shall, upon careful inquiry into their condition,
make such rules and regulations for the expenditure of said sum as will best
promote the educational and moral improvement of said tribes.
In lieu of all sums of money or other annuities
provided to be paid to the Indians herein named, under any treaty or treaties
heretofore made, the United States agrees to deliver at the agency-house on the
reservation herein named, on or before the first day of August of each year, for
thirty years, the following Articles, to wit:
For each male person over fourteen years of age, a suit of good substantial
woolen clothing, consisting of coat, pantaloons, flannel shirt, hat, and a pair
of home-made socks.
For each female over twelve years of age, a flannel skirt, or the goods
necessary to make it, a pair of woolen hose, twelve yards of calico, and twelve
yards of cotton domestics.
For the boys and girls under the ages named, such flannel and cotton goods as
may be needed to make each a suit as aforesaid, together with a pair of woolen
hose for each.
And in order that the Commissioner of Indian Affairs may be able to estimate
properly for the Articles herein named, it shall be the duty of the agent each
year to forward to him a full and exact census of the Indians, on which the
estimate from year to year can be based.
And in addition to the clothing herein named, the sum of ten dollars for each
person entitled to the beneficial effects of this treaty shall be annually
appropriated for a period of thirty years, while such persons roam and hunt, and
twenty dollars for, each person who engages in farming, to be used by the
Secretary of the Interior in the purchase of such Articles as from time to time
the condition and necessities of the Indians may indicate to be proper. And if
within the thirty years, at any time, it shall appear that the amount of money
needed for clothing under this Article can be appropriated to better uses for
named herein, Congress may, by law, change the appropriation to other purposes;
but in no event shall the amount of this appropriation be withdrawn or
discontinued for the period named.
And the President shall annually
detail an officer of the Army to be present and attest the delivery of all the
goods herein named to the
IIndians, and he shall inspect and report on the
quantity and quality of the goods and the manner of their delivery. And it is
hereby expressly stipulated that each Indian over the age of four years, who
shall have removed to and settled permanently upon said reservation and complied
with the stipulations of this treaty, shall be entitled to receive from the
United States, for the period of four years after he shall have settled upon
said reservation, one pound of meat and one pound of flour per day, provided the
Indians cannot furnish their own subsistence at an earlier date. And it is
further stipulated that the United States will furnish and deliver to each lodge
of Indians or family of persons legally incorporated with them, who shall remove
to the reservation herein described and commence farming, one good American cow,
and one good well-broken pair of American oxen within sixty days after such
lodge or family shall have so settled upon said reservation.
In consideration of the advantages and benefits
conferred by this treaty, and the many pledges of friendship by the United
States, the tribes who are parties to this agreement hereby stipulate that they
will relinquish all right to occupy permanently the territory outside their
reservation as herein defined, but yet reserve the right to hunt on any lands
north of North Platte, and on the Republican Fork of the Smoky Hill River, so
long as the buffalo may range thereon in such numbers as to justify the chase.
And they, the said Indians, further expressly agree:
Sioux hunter, 1905.
1st - That they will withdraw all opposition to the construction of the
railroads now being built on the plains.
2d - That they will permit the peaceful construction of any railroad not passing
over their reservation as herein defined.
3d - That they will not attack any persons at home, or travelling, nor molest or
disturb any wagon-trains, coaches, mules, or cattle belonging to the people of
the United States, or to persons friendly therewith.
4th - They will never capture, or carry off from the settlements, white women or
5th - They will never kill or scalp white men, nor attempt to do them harm.
6th - They withdraw all pretence of opposition to the construction of the
railroad now being built along the Platte River and westward to the Pacific
Ocean, and they will not in future object to the construction of railroads,
wagon-roads, mail-stations, or other works of utility or necessity, which may be
ordered or permitted by the laws of the United States. But should such roads or
other works be constructed on the lands of their reservation, the Government
will pay the tribe whatever amount of damage may be assessed by three
disinterested commissioners to be appointed by the President for that purpose,
one of said commissioners to be a chief or head-man of the tribe.
7th - They agree to withdraw all opposition to the military posts or
roads now established south of the North Platte River, or that may be
established, not in violation of treaties heretofore made or hereafter to be
made with any of the
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