Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868

Headquarters, Fort Laramie, November 6, 1868.
Executed by the above on this date.

All of the Indians are Ogallalahs excepting Thunder Man and Thunder Flying Running, who are Brulés.

Wm. McE. Dye, Major Fourth Infantry, and Brevet-Colonel U. S. Army, Commanding

Attest:

Jas. C. O’Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P. J. De Smet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Saml. D. Hinman, B. D., Missionary.

Executed on the part of the Uncpapa band of the Sioux, by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto and duly authorized.

Co-dam-i-ya, The Man that Goes in the Middle
Ma-to-ca-wa-weksa, Bear Rib
Ta-to-ka-in-yan-ke, Running Antelope
Kan-gi-wa-ki-ta, Looking Crow
A-ki-ci-ta-han-ska, Long Soldier
Wa-ku-te-ma-ni, The One who Shoots Walking
Un-kca-ki-ka, The Magpie
Kan-gi-o-ta, Plenty Crow
Ha-ma-za, Iron Horn
Shun-ka-i-na-pin, Wolf Necklace
I-we-hi-yu, The Man who Bleeds from the Mouth
He-ha-ka-pa, Elk Head
I-zu-za, Grind Stone
Shun-ka-wi-tko, Fool Dog
Ma-kpi-ya-po, Blue Cloud
Wa-mni-pi-lu-ta, Red Eagle
Ma-to-can-te, Bear’s Heart
A-ki-ci-ta-i-tan-can, Chief Soldier

Attest:

Jas. C. O’Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P. J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Saml. D. Hinman, Missionary

Executed on the part of the Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

Can-te-pe-ta, Fire Heart
Wan-mdi-kte, The One who Kills Eagle
Sho-ta, Smoke
Wan-mdi-ma-ni, Walking Eagle
Wa-shi-cun-ya-ta-pi, Chief White Man
Kan-gi-i-yo-tan-ke, Sitting Crow
Pe-ji, The Grass
Kda-ma-ni, The One that Rattles as he Walks
Wah-han-ka-sa-pa, Black Shield
Can-te-non-pa, Two Hearts

Attest:

Jas. C. O’Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P. J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Saml. D. Hinman, Missionary

Executed on the part of the Cutheads band of the Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

To-ka-in-yan-ka, The One who Goes Ahead Running.
Ta-tan-ka-wa-kin-yan, Thunder Bull
Sin-to-min-sa-pa, All Over Black
Can-i-ca, The One who Took the Stick
Pa-tan-ka, Big Head

Attest:

Jas. C. O’Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P. J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Samuel D. Hinman, Missionary

Executed on the part of the Two Kettle band of the Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

Ma-wa-tan-ni-han-ska, Long Mandan
Can-kpe-du-ta, Red War Club
Can-ka-ga, The Log

Attest:

Jas. C. O’Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P.J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Saml. D. Hinman, Missionary

Executed on the part of the Sans Arch band of the Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

He-na-pin-wa-ni-ca, The One that has Neither Horn
Wa-inlu-pi-lu-ta, Red Plume
Ci-tan-gi, Yellow Hawk
He-na-pin-wa-ni-ca, No Horn

Attest:

Jas. C. O’Connor
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter
P. J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Samuel D. Hinman, Missionary

Executed on the part of the Santee band of the Sioux by the chiefs and headmen whose names are hereto subscribed, they being thereunto duly authorized.

Wa-pah-shaw, Red Ensig
Wah-koo-tay, Shooter
Hoo-sha-sha, Red Legs
O-wan-cha-du-ta, Scarlet all over
Wau-mace-tan-ka, Big Eagle
Cho-tan-ka-e-na-pe, Flute-player
Ta-shun-ke-mo-za, His Iron Dog

Attest:

Saml. D. Hinman, Missionary
J. N. Chickering, Second Lieutenant, Twenty-second Infantry, Brevet Captain, U.S. Army.
P. J. DeSmet, S.J., Missionary among the Indians
Nicholas Janis, Interpreter
Franc. La Framboise, Interpreter

Fort Laramie, Wyoming painting by Alfred Jacob Miller

Fort Laramie, Wyoming painting by Alfred Jacob Miller. Walters Art Gallery.

Source: National Archives, updated December, 2015.

Also See:

Fort Laramie – Crossroads to the West

Sioux Indian Wars

Sioux Gallery

The Great Sioux Nation

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