Federal guns and ammunition were stored at the St. Louis
during the Civil War.
Civil War began,
which had grown to more than 160,000 people, became a divided city, where
abolitionists shared the streets with slaveholders. While
was primarily in favor of slavery, the state pledged itself to the Union,
creating much conflict among its citizens. Moreover, the war caused
the cessation of river traffic from the south, having a devastating effect
on local businesses and slowed the development of the city.
However, after the war, the city saw another
period of major expansion as more and more people fled from the devastated
south. St. Louis
soon became a major industrial center with numerous clothing and shoe
manufacturers and more than 100 breweries operating in the city. The
largest Brewer, Anheuser-Busch continues to maintain its world
headquarters in St. Louis to this day.
By 1890, the U.S.
Census declared that the frontier had closed and America held no more
unexplored and undiscovered lands. After this declaration, St. Louis
grew at a more leisurely pace, having some 575,000 residents by the
turn of the century.
1904, St. Louis hosted the World’s Fair, the greatest event in its history. Covering more than 1,000 acres in the vicinity of west Forest Park,
the fair attracted more than 20 million visitors to the glittering
expanse of white palaces and lagoons. That same summer, the
United States became the first English-speaking country to host the
Olympic Games on the fairgrounds. Bringing worldwide attention
to the city, another wave of growth continued in St. Louis
which lasted through World War I.
Though the depression took its toll on St. Louis
in much the same manner as other cities, the town bounced back quickly
with its wealth of industry and diversification.
came through the city, St. Louis
was already more than 150 years old, with well established streets and
neighborhoods. Due to the city’s continued growth and expansion
during the life of the Mother Road,
the route was changed in St. Louis
multiple times. With so many alignments through the metropolis, you’ll
need a few good maps to navigate St. Louis
in search of search of vintage Route 66
Start your journey of the Mother Road
through Missouri on the Old Chain of Rocks Bridge, located north of
downtown. Crossing the