Lingering fury regarding the
stirred hatred in many a
Missouri citizen and would become one of the causes for William
Quantrill’s raid on
Kansas two years later on August 21, 1863.
severely criticized for his actions in Osceola, most severely by General Henry Halleck, Commander of the
Department of Missouri, who believed that the attacks made by Lane and Colonel
Charles Jennison, aggravated anti-Union sentiments in Missouri and intensified resistance to federal authority in the state.
Of their actions, he would state: "The course pursued by those under Lane
and Jennison has turned against us many thousands who were formerly Union
men. A few more such raids will make this State unanimous against us."
Lane's Brigade was ended.
Two years later, when
William Quantrill attacked
Lawrence, Kansas in what has become known as the
Lawrence Massacre, Confederate
guerillas could be heard shouting, "Remember Osceola!" Though
Lane was in
residence in Lawrence at the time, he was able to escape the attack by racing
through a cornfield in his nightshirt.
By the time the
Civil War had ended,
like other Missouri towns, was devastated – its buildings in ruins and its
population reduced to just about 200 people. Though some rebuilding
occurred, including a new courthouse and the Commercial Hotel in 1867, it
would not see prosperous days again until the Kansas City,
Southern Railroad began to make its way to the community.
In the meantime, many of those who had served
in the Civil War, were embittered and turned to outlawry, including the
famed Younger Brothers of Lees Summit,
Missouri and the
from Kearney, Missouri. The Osceola area was a frequent hideout of these
young men, who were known to have often stayed at the Commercial Hotel.
In March, 1874,