The Confederate States of America effectively collapsed after Ulysses S. Grant captured its capitol of Richmond, Virginia and Robert E. Lee’s army in April, 1865. The remaining Confederate forces surrendered by the end of June, as the U.S. Army took control of the South.
After the war, a decade-long process known as Reconstruction began which expelled ex-Confederate leaders from office, enacted civil rights legislation, and imposed conditions on the readmission of the states to Congress. The war and subsequent Reconstruction left the South economically weak and it would be years before they would regain prosperity.
About This Article: Much of this article is part of the Cyclopedia of American Government, Volume 1, edited by Andrew C. McLaughlin and Albert Bushnell Hart, 1914. However, the article that appears here is far from the original text as it has been heavily edited, truncated, and additional information added.
Civil War (main page)