Federal Writers' Project (1935-1939) - The Federal Writers' Project (FWP)
was a United States federal government project to fund written work and support
writers during the
Great Depression. It was part of the Works Progress
Administration, a New Deal program, established on July 27, 1935.
plight of the unemployed writer, and anyone who could qualify as a writer such
as a lawyer, a teacher, or a librarian, during the early years of the
Depression, was of concern not only to the Roosevelt Administration, but also to
writers' organizations and persons of liberal and academic persuasions. It was
felt, generally, that the New Deal could come up with more appropriate work
situations for this group other than blue collar jobs on construction projects.
The outcome was a project for all the "arts," which was called Federal
One. Part of President Roosevelt's Second New Deal, Federal One was divided into
five specialties – writers, historical records, theater, music, and art. Each
program was headed by professionals in the field.