Jane "Calamity Jane" Cannary (1852-1903)
Calamity Jane was renowned
for her excellent marksmanship, preference for men's clothing, and
bawdy behavior. Jane was said to have been an
Army scout, a bullwhacker, a nurse, a cook, a prostitute, a
prospector, a gambler, a heavy drinker and one of the most
foul-mouthed people in the West. In June of 1876, she partnered
Bill Hickok as an outrider for
wagon train, galloping into
with a shipment of prostitutes, fresh
from Cheyenne. For the remainder of her days, Calamity Jane claimed to have
lover. But the record shows that
had just recently married and his letters home from Deadwood
indicate that he was happily wedded. Calamity Jane requested to be
buried next to
Wild Bill Hickok when she
died, and there she rests.
Martha Thomas Carey (1857-1935) Suffragist
and educator Martha was first female college faculty member in the country
to hold the title "dean." Working at Bryn Mawr College, she also
started the first graduate program at any women's school.
(1845-1925) - Nellie Cashman, was one of the Old
West’s original female entrepreneurs, as well as a prospector, and an
"angel of mercy.” Wandering from the frontier mining camps of the west,
seeking her fortune, she was soon known throughout for her charity,
courage, and determination.
Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) World renowned
artist, she introduced Impressionism to America and is famous especially
for her paintings and prints depicting mothers and children.
Carrie Chapman Catt (1859-1947) Editor of the
National Suffrage Bulletin and a leader in the women's suffrage
movement, she was instrumental in achieving voting rights for women in
America's West and was president of the National American Woman Suffrage
Association at the time the 19th Amendment was finally passed.
Charlotte Mignon "Lotta” Crabtree (1847-1924)
- An American actress and comedian, Crabtree was one of the wealthiest and
most popular entertainers of the late 19th century.
Natawista Culbertson (1825?-1895) - The daughter of Two Suns, the
chief of the Blood (Kainah) tribe of the
Blackfoot Confederacy, Natawista
was born about 1825. When she was 15 years-old she traveled with her
father from Canada to Fort Union, a trading post located on what is now
North Dakota-Montana border. While there, she married Alexander
Culbertson, the chief trader for the Upper Missouri
Outfit of the American Fur Company. Because of the intense competition
between American and British traders for the Blackfoot trade, it was
common for officers to marry the daughters of chiefs to cement trading
Natawista worked as a diplomat, a hostess, and
an interpreter with her husband for nearly thirty years to bridge the gap
between the white traders and the native inhabitants of that region.
During their years together, they had five children. In 1858, after having
made a considerable fortune in the fur trade, the Culbertsons moved to a
farm near Peoria, Illinois where Natawista’s life
was described as "unconventional" at times. Sometimes in the fall, she
would set up a teepee on the lawn, discard her white woman's clothes,
dressing in her Indian garb, and spend several weeks in her teepee.
In 1868, the couple moved to Fort Benton,
Montana and Culbertson resumed trading. However, just a few years later, Natawista went to the Blood camps in Alberta and
never returned to her husband. She died there in 1895.
aka: Carlotta J. Thompkins (her real name), Laura Denbo, Faro Nell,
Charlotte Thurmond (1844-1934) - One of the most
famous lady gamblers in the
Lottie earned her reputation on the Mississippi Riverboats before moving
she played poker with the likes of
at Fort Griffin.