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Notable Native Americans - Page 3

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Cheyenne Indian in full feather bonnet.Dog Soldiers - See HERE


Dull Knife - Northern Cheyenne Chief (18??-1879) - See HERE


Ganado Mucho (1809-1893) - A prominent Navajo Leader, his name  means "many cattle.”  He was born into the Tótsohnii (Big Water) Clan of the Navajo and grew up to be a successful cattle grower and sheepman. He diligently worked with other Navajo leaders, such as Manuelito to keep the peace with the white settlers. When the Navajos attacked Fort Defiance, Arizona in 1859 Ganada Mucho did not participating, counseling peace. In February, 1861, he attended a council with Colonel Canby, who was commanding new Mexico, to attempt peace negotiations but no settlement was came to. Four years later, he led his people on the trek from their homeland to the Bosque Redondo Reserve at Fort Sumner, New Mexico. The reserve; however, was a disaster and in 1868, he led his people back to their homelands in northeastern Arizona. He spent the rest of his life promoting fairness for his tribe and died at his home near Kagetoh, Arizona in 1893.


Glikhikan (17??-1782) - A Delaware warrior and orator, he at first, rejected Christianity, often challenging priests to debates. In the end, he was converted and went to live with the United Brethren. In the Revolutionary War, his diplomacy saved the Christian settlements from destruction at the hands of the Seneca Indians in 1777. However, Half-King later captured him but he was later released. He was later scalped and murdered at the Gnaden-Huetten Mission on March 8, 1782 by the white men under Colonel David Williamson.


Hollow Horn Bear, aka: Matihehlogego (1850-1913) - A Brulé Sioux chief, he was born in Sheridan County, Nebraska in March, 1850. When he was just 16 years-old, he accompanied a band led by his father against Pawnee Indians who they fought on the present site of Genoa, Nebraska. Two years later, in 1868, he joined a band of Brulé in an attack on United States troops in Wyoming, and later in another battle near the Crow Agency in Montana. The following year he participated in a raid on railroad workers who were constructing the Union Pacific Railroad. Later, he became the captain of the police force at the Rosebud Agency in South Dakota. During his tenure, he arrested his predecessor, Crow Dog, for the murder of Spotted Tail. Five years later he resigned and was appointed as a second lieutenant under Agent Spencer, but was compelled to resign on account of ill health. When General George Crook was sent with a commission to Rosebud in 1889, the chief was involved in peace negotiations. In 1905, Hollow Horn Bear was invited to take part in the presidential inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt at Washington D.C. In 1913, he led a group of Indians to the inauguration parade of President Woodrow Wilson. While he was there he caught pneumonia and died.


Chief Joseph (1840-1904) - See HERE.


Kintpuash, aka: Captain Jack - (1840?1873) - Though commonly known as Captain Jack, this famous Modoc warrior was more correctly called Kintpuash to his tribe. He was born about the year 1840 but little is known of his early life. When he grew up he became a subchief of the Modoc tribe and a leader of a hostile group in the Modoc War of (1872–73). In 1864, he had agreed to leave his ancestral home and live on the Klamath Reservation with the Klamath and Yahooskin tribes. However, the Modoc and the Klamath were historic enemies; the Modoc’s relationship with the Yahooskin was not much better. In 1870, Kintpuash and 371 Modoc fled the reservation to the lava beds of California. The Modoc War began on November 28, 1872 when Bureau of Indian Affairs, Major John Green sent troops from Fort Klamath to move the Modoc, "by force if necessary,” back to the reservation. However, the Modocs' strong defensive position frustrated numerous attempts by U.S. troops to dislodge them.


In April, 1873, a peace commission headed by General Edward Richard Canby met with Jack and several of his men. However, at the meeting, Captain Jack shot the unarmed Canby and the Modoc fled. The Army then pursued Kintpuash with great vigor, capturing him on June 1st. On October 3, 1873, Captain Jack, John Schonchin, Black Jim, and Boston Charley were hanged at Fort Klamath. The remainder of the surviving Modoc were sent to reservations in Oklahoma and back to the Klamath Reservation in Oregon.




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