Legends Of America
Since 2003
LEGENDS OF AMERICA
Legends Facebook Page    Legends on Pinterest    Legends on Twitter
 

Cattle Kate a/k/a Ella Watson - Page 4

<<  Previous  1 2 3 4  Next  >>

Sweetwater Rocks

Sweetwater River boulders courtesy Denver Public Library

 

 

Their remains were then returned to Jim's Ranch about 3:00 a.m. on July 23, 1889 by E. Joseph Healy, who was a juror on the inquest panel.  Ralph Coe, along with another man by the name of Jess Lockwood, buried the pair on Jim's Ranch. At the time of their deaths, Jim was 38 and Ella was 27.

 

Deputy Philip Watson arrested the six vigilantes, took them to Carbon County, and turned them over to Sheriff Frank Hadsell. The following day, on July 26, 1889, the Cheyenne Daily Leader reported:

 

"A Rawlins telegram says that all the men were arrested by Sheriff Hadsell of Carbon County and given a preliminary hearing yesterday afternoon. Bail was fixed at a $5,000 bond. Each lyncher was allowed to post each others bond.”

 

 

 

The Grand Jury was convened for August 25, 1889, but before the witnesses could testify, they begin to mysteriously die or disappear. Shortly after the hangings, Gene Crowder disappeared, never to be seen again. Some said that his father heard of the affair and took him away to protect him from the powerful members of the Stock Association. John DeCorey, the boy who worked for Ellen, allegedly went to Steamboat Springs, Colorado, but was never summoned for the hearing.

Then Frank Buchanan also disappeared before the hearing. He was reportedly last seen in protective custody in Cheyenne, Wyoming. However, a year or so later a reporter working for the Chicago Inter Ocean reported seeing him. Years later, a notebook was discovered in the attic of a Kansas City home that tells where Buchanan wondered all over the country for the next year or two, hiding from the powerful cattlemen and fearing for his life.

Ralph Cole, Jim Averell's nephew, mysteriously died on the very day of the scheduled hearing, possibly from poisoning.

With no witnesses to testify, all charges were dropped against the six cattlemen. No attempts were ever made to investigate the death of Ralph Cole, nor the three disappearances of the primary witnesses against the six ranchers.

Rumors abounded that Bothwell had some of his cowboys ride to the different homesteaders and small ranchers telling them, if they testified against the ranchers that they would be burned out or worse – end up like Jim and Ella.

A neighbor by the name of Tex would later say that the whole affair grew out of land troubles. Averell had contested the land Conner was trying to hold, had made Durbin some trouble on a final proof, and kept Bothwell from fencing the whole Sweetwater Valley. He also stated that Ella Watson had a small bunch of cattle and had come by them honestly – freshly branded because she had only recently recorded her brand. Nevertheless, Tex did not come forward for the hearing.

 

There were others too, whom did not come forward – two from the local newspaper, the Sweetwater Chief. Having been alerted by two unnamed cattleman, H.B. Fetz, the newspapers editor and his assistant J.N. Speer witnessed the abduction with field glasses from the rooftop of the newspaper building. Watching the angry procession file very near, they first saw the procession as they made their way to examine Ellen’s calves and again later, when they had abducted Ella and Jim. Neither volunteered to give testimony at the grand jury hearings that were later held in Rawlings.

 

Another witness to the abduction was a man by the name of Dan Fitger. While Fitger was plowing a hay meadow, he could clearly see the lynching party down in the river bottom, with Buchanan following far behind. Fitger never came forward at the hearings, but years later told this story to his family.

 

After their deaths, George W. Durant was appointed administrator of their estates. The land, which was not yet legally theirs, would have to be turned back over to the government. Ella’s property, with the exception of a few personal items, was sold at auction for $322.75. Jim's property netted $657.90. Durant also filed a lawsuit against A.J. Bothwell and John Durbin for the return of 41 head of cattle, but the lawsuit was never ruled upon.

 

In the same year as the lynching, both Albert Bothwell and Tom Sun were made members of the Wyoming Stock growers Association Executive Committee and Captain Galbraith were elected to the legislature. John Durbin served one year on the committee with his two neighbors in 1894.

 

Range Cattle

Cattle on the Range. This image available for photographic prints and downloads HERE!

 

A few years after Ella’s death, Bothwell finally acquired both Watson's and Averell's homesteads and moved his house onto what had been Ella’s homestead claim.

Much of the confusion surrounding this entire affair, as well as the apparently inaccurate information about the victims, resulted from the abundance of bad press that "Cattle Kate” and Jim Averell received from the Wyoming newspapers following their deaths. It appears that the press was also in the "pockets” of the powerful Stock Growers Association. The three Cheyenne papers trumped up the stories that everyone knows today about Ellen being a whore and rustler, and Jim her accomplice, pimp and murderous paramour.

 

The pair’s death was just one of the many events which effectively started the infamous Johnson County War in Wyoming in 1892. The Johnson County War began when a small group of ranchers in Johnson County formed the upstart Northern Wyoming Farmers and Stock Growers Association in direct opposition to the powerful Wyoming Stock Growers Association.

 

 

 

© Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated  July, 2015.

 

Also see:

Johnson County War

James Averell - Unjustly Hanged

The Homestead Act - Creating Prosperity in America

Wyoming (main page)

Wyoming Photo Print Galleries

Old West Photo Print Galleries

<<  Previous  1 2 3 4  Next  >>

National Park DVDsDiscoveries America National Parks - A collection of video essays about the National Park Service and the magnificent resources they have been mandated to protect. This series is more than just abut the several dozen officially designated "National Parks", but also includes the estimated 401 official units of the National Park System including National Monuments, Preserves, Historical Parks, Historic Sites, Battlefield Parks, Military Parks, Battlefields, Battlefield Sites, Memorials, Recreation Areas, Seashores, Lakeshores, Rivers, Reserves, Parkways, Historic & Scenic Trails, Cemeteries & Heritage Areas.

National Park DVDs

National Park DVD's

 

  About Us      Contact Us       Article/Photo Use      Guestbook      Legends Of Kansas      Links      Photo Blog      Site Map     Writing Credits     

Copyright © 2003-Present, Legends of America