Pena Colorada (1879-1893) - Built on Peña Colorada Creek near a large
spring and beneath a high bluff called Peña Colorada (Spanish for "red rock"),
the post was established in 1880 as a means of preventing Indian raids into
Mexico. The creek, spring, and the army post were named for the high bluffs, which were also called Rainbow Cliffs.
The year-round spring long-provided fresh water to