Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad (1865-1988) - Familiarly called the M.K.T.
and affectionately referred to as "Katy," the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad was
created in 1865. First called the Union Pacific Railway, Southern Branch
(unrelated to the
Union Pacific Railroad,) the line was chartered by the State
Kansas to build from
Kansas, to the state's southern boundary.
After receiving a land grant, the company began construction in 1869. After the
federal government announced that a right-of-way would be given through
Indian Territory and a liberal bonus of land given to the first
railroad to first
reached the Territory's northern border, other companies joined the race. But,
on June 6, 1870, the Union Pacific Railway, Southern Branch won the race and
officially changed its name to the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway.
sole right to build south through Indian Territory, construction began southward
and the company also acquired the Tebo & Neosho Railroad, that connected
Sedalia, Missouri to Parsons, Kansas.