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Ingalls, Oklahoma Gunfight - Page 2

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U.S. Marshal, Evett Dumas "E.D." Nix' account of the battle, as written in a letter to Attorney General Judson Harmon on July 30, 1895:



One George Ransom owned a saloon in the town of Ingalls and this man Murray worked for him as bar tender. The outlaws Bill Doolin "Bitter Creek," "Tulsa Jack," "Dynamite Dick,"Red Buck," Tom Jones and numerous others made this saloon their headquarters, and Ransom, Murray and other citizens catered to their trade, carried them news of the movements of the Deputy Marshals, furnished them with ammunition, cared for their horses, permitted them to eat at their tables and sleep in their beds. These facts were well known to the community, although a conviction on the charge of harboring or aiding and abetting criminals against the laws of the United States could never be sustained, by reason of the fact that the entire community was under duress and would not testify for fear of losing their lives and property.



Ingalls, Oklahoma Memorial

A stone memorial stands in Ingalls, Oklahoma as a  tribute to the three U.S. Deputy Marshals killed, who  were Thomas Hueston, Lafeyette Shadley, and Richard Speed. September, 2008, Kathy Weiser.


Evett Dumas "E.D." NixOn the 1st day of September, 1893 a party of Deputy Marshals who had been sent after these outlaws by me, arrived in the vicinity of Ingalls, and the outlaws mentioned herein, were at the time in the town and in the saloon of Ransom, where this man Murray worked. As usual the outlaws had received notice of the proximity of the deputies and they sent a messenger to the deputies inviting them to come into the town if they thought they, the deputies, could take them. The deputies accepted the invitation and after posting their forces, sent a messenger to the outlaws with a request to surrender and were answered with Winchester shots. "Bitter Creek" ran out of the saloon in question and fired one shot towards the north where some of the deputies were stationed, and turning, received the fire of the deputies which burst the magazine of his Winchester and wounded him in the thigh. In the meantime, a heavy fire was directed at the deputies by the balance of the outlaws from the saloon building and the fire was returned by the deputies which literally riddled the saloon. A horse was killed by the deputies which was tied in front of the saloon .... The fire of the deputies becoming too hot for the outlaws, they escaped out of a side door and took refuge in a large stable mentioned. This man Murray came to the front door of the saloon either just before the outlaws left the building or just after, it is known which. However, when he first appeared in the doorway, he had the door open just a short distance and had his Winchester to his shoulder in the act of firing. This was previous to the deputies becoming aware of the fact of the outlaws having left the building. Three of the deputies seeing him in the position he was in, fired at him simultaneously. Two shots struck him in the ribs and one broke his arm in two places.


Eight or ten horses were killed and nine persons killed and wounded. One deputy was killed outright at the first fire and two more died the next day. Three outlaws were wounded and one captured. The one captured was afterwards sentenced to fifty years in the penitentiary and is now serving his time.


Very respectfully, E.D. Nix U.S. Marshal


Compiled and edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated November, 2013.



Also See:

U.S. Deputy Marshals

The Deadly Dalton Gang

Marshal, Evett Dumas "E.D." Nix

Saloons of the American West

Ghost Towns Photo Print Galleries


Ingalls, Oklahoma doors by David Fisk

Ingalls, Oklahoma doors by David Fisk. This image available for photo prints & commercial downloads HERE.


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