Stockbridge - A tribe of the Mahican
confederacy, they were first known under the name Housatonic. They
occupied part of the valley of Housatonic River, in south Berkshire
County, Massachusetts. In 1734, missionary work began among them and two
years later the bands were collected on a tract reserved for their use by
the Colonial government. After the
The French and Indian War, which broke out in 1754, proved disastrous to
the Stockbridge. Many of them joined the English army and their town
suffered from marauding parties, so that at the close of the war, there
were only about 200 remaining. The whites were also closing in around
them, and in 1785 the dispirited remnant, accepting an invitation of the
Oneida, removed to a tract on Oneida Creek in Madison and Oneida Counties,
protection of the Oneida the Stockbridge again increased, and in 1796
numbered 300. In 1833, with the Oneida and Munsee tribes moved to the
head of Green Bay, Wisconsin, a tract which had been purchased from
the Menominee tribe. Here, they became incorporated with the Munsee,
and the two tribes formed one body. In 1839 the Stockbridge and Munsee,
then numbering about 420, sold half of their reservation and agreed to
remove to lands that were to be assigned to them west of the
Mississippi River. On the remaining land, a town was laid out on the
east shore of Winnebago Lake, where they intended to become citizens.
About 80 of them moved to the
remained for a time near Leavenworth,
The arrangement proved unsatisfactory, and they were once more brought
together and the tribal government restored. In 1856 they removed,
with the exception of a number who desired to become citizens, to a
reservation west of Shawano, Wisconsin, where in 1909 the united
tribes, including the Munsee, numbered some 582. There were also some
who became citizens near their former home on Winnebago Lake.
A division of
who lived on Budds Inlet near the present site of Olympia,
In 1854, they numbered only about 20 people.
Stillaquamish - Salish
who lived on the Stillaquamish
River in northwest Washington.
They were a branch of, or closely related to, the Snohomish, and moved
to the Tulalip Reservation.
Sugeree - A small tribe, supposed to have
been Siouan, that lived near the Waxhaw in Mecklenburg County, North
Carolina and York County, South Carolina. They occupied a fertile
district and, where many settlements had been made. They were
doubtless greatly reduced by the Yamasee War of 1715 and later merged
with the Catawba tribe.
Suislaw - Belonging to the Siuslawan division of the
Yakonan linguistic stock, the lived on and near the Siuslaw River in
By 1910, they were reported to number only seven people.
Suquamish - A
division who lived on the west side of Puget Sound, Washington.
They claimed the land from Appletree Cove in the north to Gig Harbor
in the South. Seattle, who gave his name to the city, was chief of
this tribe and the Dwamish in 1853. In 1857, they numbered 441, but by
1909 had been reduced to about 180 people.
Surruque - They were probably of the
Timucuan linguistic group and lived near Cape Canaveral, Florida. When
trouble arose between them and the Spaniards, their village was
attacked. Sixty people were killed and another 54 captured. Later
they probably united with the Timucua people.
Susquehannock - The tribe occupied the Susquehanna River and
its branches from the north end of Chesapeake Bay in Maryland across
Pennsylvania into southern New York. Called noble and heroic, they
were also described as aggressive, warlike, imperialistic, and bitter
enemies of the Iroquois. They may also have warred with the Mahican from
the central Hudson Valley. Today, the tribe is gone, but there is
most likely Susquehannock blood among the members of the
Tuscarora, Oneida, and
Sutaio - An
tribe, who lived along the James River in South Dakota in the 18th
century. They were at war with the Cheyenne, their eastern neighbors
to whom they were closely related linguistically. However, the two
tribes finally formed an alliance and crossed the
together to the west. The Sutaio rapidly declined but kept their
separate identity until about the year 1850, when they were absorbed
by the Cheyenne.
Swallah/Swalash - A band of
who lived on Orcas Island in northwest Washington.
They were later removed to the Lummi Reservation.
Swinomish - A Salish
tribe who lived on the south end of Whidbey Island, Puget Sound and
the on the mainland opposite at the the mouth of Snohomish River,
Their population in 1850 was 350. The were removed to the Tulalip
Reservation, where they lived with other broken tribes.
Continued Next Page