American Tribes - O
- This tribe lived primarily on a large, 4-mile long Occoneechee
Island and east of the confluence of the Dan and Roanoke Rivers, near
current day Clarksville, Virginia in the 17th century. They were
Siouan-speaking, and thus related to the Saponi, Tutelo, Eno and other
Southeastern Siouan-language peoples living in the Piedmont region of
present-day North Carolina and Virginia.
In 1676, in the course of Bacon's Rebellion, the tribe was attacked by
militias from the Colony of Virginia and decimated. Also under
demographic pressure from European settlements and newly introduced
infectious diseases, the Saponi and Tutelo came to live near the
Occaneechi on adjacent islands. By 1714 the Occaneechi moved to join
the Tutelo, Saponi, and other Siouan people living on a 36-square-mile
reservation in current-day Brunswick County, Virginia. It included a
fort called Christanna. The Siouan people had been drastically reduced
to approximately 600 people. Fort Christanna was closed in 1717, after
which there are few written references to the Occaneechi. Colonists
recorded that they left the area in 1740 and migrated north for
protection with the Iroquois.
Although circumstantial evidence suggests that at least some of the
remaining Occaneechi may have migrated northward with the Tutelo and
Saponi to Pennsylvania and New York, a small community of Indians in
North Carolina's Orange and Alamance Counties, known as the Occaneechi
Band of Saponi Nation, claim descent from the eighteenth-century
Occaneechi and were officially recognized by the state of North
Carolina in 2001.
Oconee - This tribe belongs to the
Muskhogean linguistic stock. Early documents reveal at least two
groups of Indians bearing the name Oconee who were probably related.
One was on or near the coast of Georgia and seems later to have moved
into the Apalachee country and to have become fused with the Apalachee
tribe before the end of the 17th century. The other lived just
below the Rock Landing on Oconee River in Georgia.
In about 1716 they moved to the east bank of the Chattahoochee in
Stewart County, Georgia, and a few years later part of them went to
the Alachua Plains, in the present Alachua County, Florida, where they
became the nucleus of the Seminole Nation and furnished the chief to
that people until the end of the Seminole war. Most of them were then
taken to Oklahoma, but they had already lost their identity.
Ofo - Also called the Mosopelea tirbe, this
Siouan-speaking people historically inhabited the upper Ohio River. In
reaction to Iroquois Confederacy invasions to take control of hunting
grounds in the late 17th century, they moved south to the lower
Mississippi River. Around 1700, French travelers reported Ofo villages
in Louisiana on the Yazoo River. Refusing to join the Natchez in their
war against the French in the 1710s and 1720s, the Ofo moved further
south. They and other remnant peoples became assimilated into the
Biloxi and Tunica peoples. Their language became extinct. Today their
descendants are enrolled in the federally recognized Tunica-Biloxi
Indian Tribe and have a reservation in Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana.
Ojibwe - The Ojibwe and
the same tribe, but are pronounced a little differently due to accent.
Ojibwe is used in Canada, although the Ojibwe west of Lake Winnipeg are
sometime referred to as the Saulteaux. In the United States,
used in all treaties and is the official name. See Chippewa
Okanagon - Calling themselves Syilx, this
tribe is part of the Interior Salish ethnological and linguistic grouping.
Their traditional territory spans the U.S.-Canada boundary in Washington
state and British Columbia in the Okanagan Country region. At the height
of Okanagan culture, about 3000 years ago, it is estimated that 12,000
people lived in this valley and surrounding areas. The Okanagan people
employed an adaptive strategy, moving within traditional areas throughout
the year to fish, hunt, or collect food, while in the winter months, they
lived in semi-permanent villages of kekulis, a type of pithouse.
Descendants still live in both the United States and Canada.
Okelousa - Associated with the Muskhogean
peoples, this tribe moved about considerably along the Mississippi River
and the seacoast. They finally united with the Houma, the Acolapissa, or
some other Muskhogean band on the lower Mississippi.
- The Omaha
were a powerful Siouian nation living in
Nebraska. Their name means "those going against the wind or current"
and is sometimes shortened
to Maha. The Omaha
belonged to that section of the Siouan linguistic stock which also
included the Ponca, Kansa, Osage, and Quapaw.
The Omaha were originally farmers who lived in
villages and supplemented their diet with fish and game. However, with the
introduction of the horse, they assumed more of the attributes of a plains
culture tribes. Their primary enemies were the
Sioux. They had many
societies, both secret and open. They are well known for their Heducka
Dance, a kind of war dance that seems to have derived from the Pawnee. It
is also known as the Grass Dance because of the practice of tucking grass
into their belts to symbolize enemy scalps. The northern part of the old
Omaha reservation was ceded to the Hotcâgara and is now their Nebraska
reservation. More ...
- The name of a tribe or village near Cape Canaveral on the eastern coast
of Florida. They were in alliance with the Calusa tribe in the 16th
Century. They spoke a language similar to Timucuan, which is related to
Onondaga - An
important tribe of the Iroquois confederation, formerly living on the
mountain, lake, and creek bearing their name, in the present-day Onondaga
County, New York, and extending northward to Lake Ontario and southward to
the Susquehanna River. Their name means "People of the Hills." On November 11, 1794, the Onondaga Nation,
along with the other Haudenosaunee nations, signed the Treaty of
Canandaigua with the United States, in which their right to their homeland
was acknowledged. Today, the nation is a member of the Haudenosaunee group of tribes, which have been
several hundred years by complementary
traditions, beliefs and cultural values. Sometimes referred to as the
Confederacy or Six Nations, the Haudenosaunee originally consisted of the Mohawk,
Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca
nations. The Tuscarora migrated from the south and peacefully joined the
Confederacy in the early 1700's, bringing to six the number of nations
united by Haudenosaunee traditional law. The present-day territory of the
Onondaga Nation is approximately 7,300 acres just south of Syracuse, New
York with their tribal headquarters located at Nedrow, New York.
- Of Siouan linguistic stock and Plains culture, the Osage were
situated on the
just south of the
Missouri River in what is
now western part of the state of
Missouri. However, they ranged as far as
They call themselves Niúko'nska, "People of the Middle Waters." Most of
the year they farmed, living in villages whose dwellings were similar to
the lodges of the Winnebego, but when on the tribal hunt, they lived in
teepees. One of their hunting techniques was to drive herds of buffaloes
off cliffs. The Winnebego occasionally warred against them. They first
came in contact with Europeans in the early 1700s, and eventually allied
themselves with the French against enemy tribes, and
later became scouts for the U. S. Army. The
Osage, being rich in land,
subsequently sold most of it to the American Government, from which came
oil and mineral fees to the Osage. Today, the Osage
Nation claims more
than 10,000 members.
Oto, Otoe, OH
toh - The Otoe were once part of the Siouan tribes of the Great
Lakes region, commonly known as the Winnebago. At some point; however,
they began to migrate southwest where they were located just north of the Missouri River and west of the Mississippi River in what is now northern
Missouri and Iowa. This group eventually split into at least three
distinct tribes: the Ioway, the Missouria and the Otoe, who finally
settled near the Platte River in southeastern
Following the Louisiana Purchase, the Otoe were the first tribe
encountered by the
Lewis and Clark
Expedition, meeting at a place that would become known as Council Bluffs.
In the earliest times, the Oto lived in villages and practiced farming,
but eventually they adopted the culture of the plains. In 1881 they moved
to a reservation in Oklahoma with
the Missouria. Today the Otoe-Missouria remain a federally recognized
tribe, based in Red Rock, Oklahoma.
Ottawa, Odawa - An Algonquain tribe, the
Ottawa were closely related to the Anishinaabe and
Potawatomie. In the 17th
century, the Ottawa occupied the lands north of Lake Huron. The
Ottawa and Ojibwe were part of a long term alliance with the
Potawatomie tribe, called
the Council of Three Fires and which fought the Iroquois Confederacy and
Ottawa allied with the French against the British and the Ottawa Chief Pontiac led a rebellion against the British in 1763. A decade
later, Chief Egushawa led the Ottawa in the American Revolutionary War as
an ally of the British. In the 1790s, Egushawa again fought the United
States in a series of battles and campaigns known as the Northwest Indian
War. Most live in their original
homeland in southern Ontario and Michigan state, although some
Ottawa were deported to Oklahoma
by the US government and others assimilated into Ojibway bands. There are
about 15,000 Ottawa
Ouachita.- A former Caddoan tribe, the Ouachita resided the Black
or Ouachita River in northeast Louisiana. Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de
Bienville, a Louisiana colonizer, encountered them in 1700
encountered some of them carrying salt to the Taensa, with whom
they were intending to live. Later, when Bienville reached the
main Ouachita village, he found about five houses that held some 70
men. Some time later, it is thought that the Ouachita Natchitoch and their
identity was soon lost.
Legends' General Store
Kachina Scarves - This beautiful 100% Silk Scarf features colorful
Kachinas popular with the southwest
Native American tribes. This oversized scarf, measuring 51x51"
can be wrapped and/or tied to be utilized for a number of purposes
including as a turban, headband, belt, cape, shirt, bag, necklace, and
with two scarves -- even a dress.
Made from 100% Twill Silk, this fabric combines the utilitarian strength
of the twill weave with the natural strength and beauty of silk. Though
made for strength, the fabric still maintains its soft and smooth texture,
making it easy to drape and tie. Its kachina design is representative of
the very expensive Hermes Kachina scarves that were popular in the early
1990s and sell today for hundreds and even thousands of dollars.
See these great ideas on the many wonderful ways that a large scarf such
as this can be tied and draped to be worn in numerous ways. Choice of
three colors - Pink & Turquoise, Red & Navy, and Turquoise & Navy.