Confederate Leaders, Forces & Soldiers of the Civil War
"They do not know what they
say. If it came to a conflict of arms, the war will last at least four
years. Northern politicians will not appreciate the determination and
pluck of the South, and Southern politicians do not appreciate the
numbers, resources, and patient perseverance of the North. Both sides
forget that we are all Americans. I foresee that our country will pass
through a terrible ordeal, a necessary expiation, perhaps, for our
-- General Robert E. Lee
Confederate Commanders of the
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William "Bloody Bill" Anderson (1839-1864) - Best known
as one of
Quantrill's Raiders, Anderson fought for the
Army of Northern Virginia (1861-1865) - The primary military force of the
Confederate States of America in the Eastern Theater
Civil War, the army most often battled against the
Army of the Potomac. The
Confederates created three divisions under the Department of Northern Virginia,
which included the Aquia District, led by Major General Theophilus H.
Holmes; the Potomac District under the leadership of General P.G.T.
Beauregard, and the Valley District, led by
Major General "Stonewall" Jackson.
Army of Tennessee (1862-1865) - The
Confederate army operating between the Appalachian Mountains
and the Mississippi River during the
Civil War. It
was formed in late 1862 and fought until the end of the war in 1865,
participating in most of the significant battles in the
Western Theater. The
Union also had an army division by the same name.
General P.G.T. Beauregard (1818-1893) -
General Beauregard earned early fame for the capture of
and victory at the First Battle of Bull Run,
Virginia. After being defeated at
Tennessee other officers found it difficult to work with General Beauregard,
who moved through a
series of secondary commands.
Braxton Bragg (1817-1876) -
United States Army officer, and then a general in the
Confederate States Army, he was the principal commander in the
Western Theater of
and later the military adviser to
Jefferson Davis .
James Ewell Brown "J.E.B." Stuart
(1833-1864) - Better known as "Jeb", Brown was a soldier from
served as a
Confederate general during the
Civil War. He
was killed on May 12, 1864 during the Overland Campaign, at the
Battle of Yellow Tavern.
Jefferson Finis Davis (1808-1889) - An American military
officer, statesman and leader of the
during the American
Civil War, serving as the President of the
Confederate States of America for its entire
history, 1861 to 1865.
Jubal A. Early (1816-1894) - Serving largely with the
Army of Northern Virginia , Jubal Early took part in most of its major battles.
In 1864, Jubal Early led
Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley and threatened Washington,
DC until being badly defeated by Major General Philip Sheridan.
Bedford Forrest (1821-1877) - A wealthy plantation owner, Forrest distinguished himself in the
Confederate Army during the
Civil War. A
cavalryman, he saw extensive service in the
and became one of the most feared
Confederate officers in the region. He was a master of mobile warfare
and is often remembered for his fast attacks and raids.
John Brown Gordon (1832-1904) - Serving in the
Army of Northern Virginia , John B. Gordon fought in most of its campaign and became one
of General Robert E. Lee's most trusted leaders. At Appomattox, John
B. Gordon led
Confederate forces during the surrender proceedings.
Ambrose Powell Hill (1825-1965) - A noted
Confederate corps commander Hill rose through the ranks of the
Army of Northern Virginia ,
seeing action at most of the army's major battles. He was killed in April 1865
during the final battle for Petersburg, Virginia.
John Bell Hood (1831-1879) - Hood served in both the East and West,
developing a reputation an aggressive leader. Wounded several times,
Hood led the Army of Tennessee to its destruction in 1864.
"Stonewall" Jackson (1824-1863) - A
during the Civil War,
Jackson was the most revered
Confederate commander after General
Robert E. Lee. He is most famous for his audacious Valley Campaign of 1862 and as a
corps commander in the
Army of Northern Virginia under
Robert E. Lee. His
own troops accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville and he
died of complications from an amputated arm and pneumonia several days
General Albert Sidney Johnston - A veteran
of the Texas Revolution and the US Army, Johnston was appointed to
Confederate forces in the West. Albert Sidney Johnston was killed
Battle of Shiloh in April 1862.
General Joseph E. Johnston - Fighting at
First Bull Run, Joseph Johnston next led the
Confederate army during the 1862 Peninsula Campaign until he was badly
wounded at Seven Pines. Joseph Johnston later commanded the Department
of the West and the Army of Tennessee.
Robert E. Lee (1807-1870)
was a career U.S. Army officer and the most celebrated general
Confederate forces during the
Civil War. He
took command of
Confederate forces in the east in mid-1862, he led the
Army of Northern Virginia to a string of impressive victories such as
Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville.
remained in command until the end of the war when he surrendered at
Lieutenant General James Longstreet - Rapidly rising through the
ranks, Longstreet led the First Corps,
Army of Northern Virginia for
much of the conflict. A gifted corps commander, Longstreet oversaw the
disastrous infantry assault known as Pickett's Charge during the
Battle of Gettysburg.
Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan - One of the
Confederacy's most notorious raiders, Morgan was captured in 1863,
after raiding north across the Ohio. Escaping, he returned to Southern
service and was killed in September 1864, at Greeneville, TN.
Colonel John Singleton Mosby - A noted
Confederate cavalryman and partisen ranger during the American Civil
War. Enlisting in the
Confederate army, Mosby was quickly noted as a skilled leader and
swiftly rose through the ranks. Given command of a partisen ranger
unit, John Singlton Mosby became renowed for daring lightning attacks
Major General George Pickett - Commander in the
Army of Northern Virginia, he is best remembered for Pickett's Charge during the Battle
of Gettysburg in July 1863. In the war's final days, Pickett was
defeated at the Battle of Five Forks.
William C. Quantrill (1837-1865) - A
guerilla fighter for the
Forces, active in Kansas-Missouri
Major General J.E.B. Stuart - A cavalry commander, J.E.B. Stuart is
best known as the flamboyant leader of the
Army of Northern Virginia's
cavalry corps. Stuart served with General Robert E. Lee's army until
his death at the Battle of Yellow Tavern in 1864.
Watie (1806-1871) - Also known as Standhope Oowatie,
Degataga "Stand Firm" and Isaac S. Watie, he was a leader of the
Nation and a brigadier general of the
Confederate States Army
Major General Joseph Wheeler - Serving in the
Western Theater of the
Civil War, Joseph Wheeler took part in most of the major actions in that
region. Returning to the US Army after the war, Joseph Wheeler later
was a key commander during the Spanish-American War.
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